Population of Iloilo (excluding Iloilo City) increased at the rate of 1.48 percent annually
Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), the province of Iloilo, excluding Iloilo City, posted a total population of 1,805,576 persons as of May 1, 2010. This is larger by 246,394 persons compared to its total population of 1,559,182 persons counted in the 2000 CPH. The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 1.48 percent. This is lower than the 1.54 percent annual PGR of the province between the census years 1990 and 2000.
If the average annual PGR recorded at 1.48 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of Iloilo would double in 47 years.
Fifty years ago, the population of Iloilo was only 757,440 persons. This population size is more than one half of the population of the province in the 2010 CPH.
Municipality of Oton was the most populous
Among the lone city and 42 municipalities comprising the province of Iloilo, the municipality of Oton was the most populous with a population size making up 4.6 percent of the total provincial population. The City of Passi was second with 4.4 percent share, followed by the municipalities of Pototan (3.9 percent), Lambunao (3.8 percent), Dumangas (3.7 percent), Miagao (3.6 percent), Janiuay and Carles (3.5 percent each), Tigbauan (3.3 percent), Santa Barbara (3.1 percent), and Cabatuan and Calinog (3.0 percent each). The rest of municipalities contributed less than 3.0 percent each.
The least populated area was the municipality of Bingawan with 0.7 percent share to the total population of the province. It was also the least populated area in 2000.
Sex ratio was 103 males per 100 females
Of the 1,803,710 household population in 2010, males accounted for 50.8 percent while females comprised 49.2 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 103 males for every 100 females, which is similar to the sex ratio recorded in 2000 (102 males for every 100 females).
Median age increased to 24.6 years
In 2010, the median age of the population of the province was 24.6 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 24.6 years. This is higher than the median age of 22.2 years that was recorded in 2000.
Moreover, 31.4 percent of the household population were under 15 years old. Children aged 5 to 9 years (10.6 percent) comprised the largest age group, followed by those in the age groups 10 to 14 years (10.5 percent) and 0 to 4 years and 15 to 19 years (10.3 percent each). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 49 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the older age groups (50 years and over).
Six in every 10 persons in the province were of voting age
The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 62.4 percent of the household population of the province in 2010, up from 57.9 percent in 2000. There were more males (50.2 percent) than females (49.8 percent) among the voting-age population.
Dependency ratio decreased to 61 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 31.4 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 6.6 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 62.0 percent.
The overall dependency ratio was 61, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 61 dependents (50 young dependents and 11 old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 71 dependents per 100 working-age population (61 young dependents and 10 old dependents).
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over, 46.7 percent were never married while 44.7 percent were married. The rest of the population was categorized as follows: widowed (5.1 percent), in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (2.7 percent), and divorced/separated (0.6 percent).
Among the never-married persons, 54.7 percent were males while 45.3 percent were females. For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the 2,310,280 household population aged five years and over, 35.7 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 31.5 percent had reached or finished high school, 7.8 percent were college undergraduates, and 11.0 percent were academic degree holders. Females outnumbered the males among those who had attained higher levels of education as they comprised 55.7 percent of all those with an academic degree and 65.8 percent of all those who had pursued post baccalaureate courses.
Persons with disability comprised 2.0 percent of the population in the province
In 2010, around 36,600 persons or 2.0 percent of the 1,803,710 household population had a disability. This proportion of persons with disability (PWD) is higher than the proportion in 2000, which was 1.4 percent of the 1,558,351 household population of the province during that year. The number of PWD for the same year was around 22,500.
There were more females than males among those with functional difficulty
Of the 1,617,101 household population five years and over, 2.6 percent (or 42,542 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating. There were more females (53.6 percent) than males (46.4 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.
Moreover, of the total 42,542 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 52.4 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses. There were 32.4 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps; 25.0 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid; 22.1 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating; 18.2 percent had difficulty in communicating; and 15.7 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing).
Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts
Of the 1,426,740 household population 10 years old and over in Iloilo, 3.4 percent (or 48,170 persons) were overseas workers. Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts as they comprised 53.7 percent of all the overseas workers from this province. Overseas workers aged 25 to 29 years made up the largest age group, comprising 21.1 percent of the total overseas workers from this province in 2010, followed by the age groups 30 to 34 years (20.7 percent), 45 years and over (19.0 percent), and 35 to 39 years (16.8 percent).
Average household size was 4.8 persons
The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 378,856, higher by 80,263 households compared with the 298,593 households posted in 2000. The average household size in 2010 was 4.8 persons, lower than the average household size of 5.2 persons in 2000.
There were 101 households per 100 occupied housing units
A total of 376,427 occupied housing units were recorded in the province of Iloilo in 2010. This translates to a ratio of 101 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.8 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, there were 101 households per 100 occupied housing units and 5.3 persons per occupied housing unit.
Occupied housing units with outer walls and roofs made of light materials decreased
In 2010, 49.2 percent of the occupied housing units in the province had outer walls made of bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa, down from 56.7 percent in 2000. The proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone, on the other hand, increased from 17.6 percent in 2000 to 26.8 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, 79.6 percent of the occupied housing units in 2010 had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum. This is higher than the proportion of 71.9 percent recorded in 2000. The proportion of occupied housing units with roofs made of cogon/nipa/anahaw decreased from 23.2 percent in 2000 to 15.6 percent in 2010.
More than half of the households in the province lived in lots that they owned or amortized
In 2010, 54.1 percent of the total 378,856 households owned or amortized the lots that they occupied. The corresponding figure in 2000 was 42.9 percent of the 298,593 households.
Moreover, 38.5 percent of the households occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner, 4.9 percent rented the lots that they occupied while 1.4 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.
(Sgd) CARMELITA N. ERICTA