Food and Poverty Thresholds
In the first semester of 2018, a family of five needed no less than PhP 7,337, on average, to meet the family’s basic food needs for a month. This amount is the food threshold. On the other hand, no less than PhP 10,481, on average, was needed to meet both basic food and non-food needs of a family of five in a month. This amount is the poverty threshold. These are 10.9 percent higher than the food and poverty thresholds from the first semester of 20151.
Food threshold is the minimum income required to meet the basic food needs, satisfying the nutritional requirements set by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI) to ensure that one remains economically and socially productive. On the other hand, poverty threshold is the minimum income required to meet the basic food and non-food needs such as clothing, fuel, light and water, housing, rental of occupied dwelling units, transportation and communication, health and education expenses, non-durable furnishing, household operations and personal care and effects.
Poverty among Filipino families and individuals
Poverty incidence among Filipinos families in the first semester of 2018 was estimated at 16.1 percent. This is defined as the proportion of families whose income is below the poverty line to the total number of families. This was estimated at 22.2 percent1 in the same period in 2015.
In the first semester of 2018, on average, incomes of poor families were short by 26.9 percent of the poverty threshold.
LISA GRACE S. BERSALES, Ph. D.
National Statistician and Civil Registrar General