2018 Highlights of the Domestic Trade Statistics in the Philippines: Final Results

Reference No.: 2019-294
Release Date: 15 October 2019


Quantity of domestic trade rises by 10.2 percent

The quantity of domestic trade in 2018 registered a total of 25.78 million tons, up by 10.2 percent from the 23.40 million tons posted in 2017. Food and live animals commodities topped in terms of quantity with 6.39 million tons or 24.8% of all the traded commodities while animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes had the least with 0.08 million tons.

Figure 1

Value of domestic trade increase by 12.3 percent

Likewise, the total value of domestic trade went up by 12.3 percent, from PHP765.38 billion in 2017 to PHP859.67 billion in 2018. Machinery and transport equipment posted the highest value of PHP276.06 billion. On the other hand, animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes commodities registered the lowest value of PHP4.58 billion.

Figure 2

By mode of transport, the total value of traded commodities through water accounted for 99.9 percent of the total commodities that flow in the country in 2018. The remaining 0.1 percent was through air transport.


Machinery and transport equipment accounts for 32.1 percent of total value of traded commodities

Among the commodities, machinery and transport equipment contributed the largest value of PHP276.06 billion or 32.1 percent of the total traded commodities. Food and live animals with PHP208.36 billion or 24.2 percent share and manufactured goods classified chiefly by material with PHP118.59 billion or 13.8 percent share to total placed second and third, respectively. Other traded commodities with their corresponding values in 2018 were the following:

  • Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials, PHP60.80 billion;
  • Chemical and related products, n.e.c., PHP58.26 billion;
  • Miscellaneous manufactured articles, PHP55.11 billion;
  • Beverages and tobacco, PHP43.47 billion;
  • Commodities and transactions n.e.c., PHP18.54 billion;
  • Crude materials, inedible, except fuels, PHP15.88 billion; and
  • Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes, PHP4.58 billion


Figure 3


 NCR accounts for 38.0 percent of the total domestic trade value

Domestic trade value is equivalent to the outflow value in which it refers to the value of commodties that goes out from a specified region or province. 

Among the regions, NCR exhibited the largest share amounting to PHP326.40 billion or 38.0 percent of the total outflow value in 2018.  Eastern Visayas followed with transactions amounting to PHP110.02 billion. Western Visayas with value of PHP105.35 billion and Central  Visayas, PHP97.96 billion, placed third and fourth, respectively. Outflow values of other regions were the following:

• Northern Mindanao, PHP63.60 billion;
• Central Luzon, PHP44.24 billion;
• Caraga, PHP36.26 billion;
• Davao Region, PHP29.06 billion;
• Zamboanga Peninsula, PHP14.16 billion;
• SOCCSKSARGEN, PHP13.38 billion;
• Bicol Region, PHP8.83 billion;
• ARMM, PHP6.77 billion;
• MIMAROPA Region, PHP3.18 billion and
• CALABARZON, PHP435.26 million.

Figure 4


Central Visayas leads in terms of total inflow value

Inflow refers to the total value of commodities that comes in to a specified region or province.

In terms of inflow value, Central Visayas recorded the highest inflow value amounting to PHP169.72 billion or 19.7 percent share to total inflow value of all traded commodities in 2018. CAR, on the other hand, had the lowest inflow value of PHP10 thousand in 2018. Inflow values of other regions were the following: 

• Western Visayas, PHP140.39 billion;
• Caraga, PHP132.72 billion;
• Northern Mindanao, PHP105.35 billion;
• NCR, PHP91.78 billion;
• Davao Region, PHP51.15 billion;
• Eastern Visayas, PHP45.62 billion;
• Zamboanga Peninsula, PHP43.30 billion;
• MIMAROPA Region, PHP24.20 billion;
• SOCCSKSARGEN, PHP20.57 billion;
• CALABARZON, PHP15.72 billion;
• Bicol Region, PHP9.28 billion;
• Central Luzon, PHP3.48 billion;
• Ilocos Region, PHP3.06 billion;
• ARMM, PHP2.94 billion; and
• Cagayan Valley, PHP0.38 billion.

Figure 5


NCR posts highest positive trade balance of PHP234.62 billion

Trade balance is the difference between the inflow and outflow value.

Of the 17 regions, four (4) regions yielded favorable trade balances. Among these regions, NCR recorded the highest trade balance of PHP234.62 billion. The other regions with favorable trade balances were as follows:

• Central Luzon, PHP40.76 billion;
• Eastern Visayas, PHP64.40 billion; and
• ARMM, PHP3.84 billion.

Figure 6


Luzon group leads in terms of total domestic trade value

The Luzon group (NCR, CAR, Ilocos Region, Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA Region and Bicol Region) posted the highest domestic trade value of PHP374.26 billion or 43.5 percent of the total trade value in 2018. It was followed by Mindanao group (Zamboanga Peninsula, Northern Mindanao, Davao Region, SOCCSKSARGEN, Caraga and ARMM) with value of PHP271.78 billion. The Visayas group (Western Visayas, Central Visayas and Eastern Visayas), on the other hand, had the lowest value of PHP213.62 billion.

Figure 7

Most traded commodities in Luzon group were food and live animals with total value of PHP96.71 billion or 25.8 percent of the total. It was followed by machinery and transport equipment and manufactured goods classified chiefly by material with total value of PHP64.80 billion (17.3%) and PHP60.27 billion (16.1%), respectively.

The top three commodity sections in terms of their contribution to the total value of traded commodities in Visayas group were the following: food and live animals (PHP65.34 billion or 30.6 percent); machinery and transport equipment (PHP49.67 billion or 23.3 percent); and manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (PHP29.96 billion or 14.0 percent).

In Mindanao group, machinery and transport equipment recorded the highest domestic traded commodities worth PHP161.60 billion. This was followed by food and live animals and manufactured goods classified chiefly by material amounting to PHP46.31 billion and       PHP28.37 billion, respectively. 

Number of passenger drops by 42.4 percent

A total of 22.99 million passengers were transported via coastwise in 2018, a decrease of 42.4 percent from the 39.89 million passengers in 2017. Central Visayas recorded the highest number of passengers of 5.80 million. MIMAROPA Region and Western Visayas placed second and third, with 4.00 million and 3.84 million passengers, respectively. Total number of passengers for the rest of the regions were the following:

• Eastern Visayas, 2.60 million;
• Bicol Region, 1.51million;
• Northern Mindanao, 1.47 million;
• Zamboanga Peninsula, 1.37 million;
• Caraga, 1.27 million;
• NCR, 0.51 million;
• CALABARZON, 0.44 million;
• ARMM, 0.17 million;
• Central Luzon, 27.2 thousand and
• SOCCSKSARGEN, 0.95 thousand.

Figure 8




Assistant Secretary
Deputy National Statistician
Sectoral Statistics Office





This Special Release highlights the Annual Domestic Trade Statistics data on the movement of commodities from coastwise and passenger manifests in 2018.

Copies of coastwise manifests are collected from the Philippine Port Authority (PPA) while copies of air waybills are obtained from the Philippine Airlines (PAL). Coastwise manifests contain data on cargoes on board. These are from major ports and other active seaports listed by the PPA all over the country. 

Data on the inflow and outflow values of commodities in the different regions of the country are used to construct inter-regional and inter-industry relation tables.

The 1993 Philippine Standard Commodity Classification (PSCC) Revision 2 is used to classify the commodities at the 5-digit (item) for coastwise statistics, and 3-digit (group) for air statistics for statistical purposes.

Detailed data on domestic trade statistics are available at the Trade Statistics Division (TSD) - Economic Sector Statistics Service (ESSS) with Telephone Number: 376-19-75.


Limitations of Domestic Trade Data

The Domestic trade data in this report pertain to goods that passed through airports and seaports in the country, whether for government or private use, or for commercial purposes. Domestic trade through land is excluded because of the absence of an approach to capture data in the archipelagic island of the country. Moreover, data on rail transport is also excluded.

Air waybills which are collected only from the Philippine Airlines (PAL), cover transactions that pass through all airports covered by PAL.
Goods and/or commodities that are excluded in the compilation of data are the following:

a. Goods transported by vessels of the Philippine Navy.

b. Fish and other marine products landed directly from the sea.

c. Service cargoes for consumption by vessel crew.

d. Cadaver

e. Vessels not carrying any cargo / passenger, wherein the vessel master indicates "NIL CARGO / PASSENGER" in the coasting / passenger manifests.


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