Highlights of the Domestic Trade Statistics in the Philippines : Third Quarter 2018 (Preliminary Results)

Reference No.: 2018-351
Release Date: 18 December 2018


Quantity and Value of domestic trade rises

The total quantity of domestic trade during the third quarter of 2018 was recorded at 5.05 million tons, up by 3.9 percent from its volume of 4.86 million tons in the same quarter of 2017. Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials commodities topped in terms of quantity with 1.23 million tons or 24.4 percent share to total quantity of domestic trade. Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes commodities had the least quantity with only 0.014 million tons (Figure 1).

Similarly, the value of domestic trade during the third quarter of 2018 was up by 10.6 percent with value amounting to PHP170.33 billion from PHP153.99 billion in the same quarter of 2017 (Figure 2).

Almost all or 99.8% of the commodities were traded through water (coastwise) while the remaining were traded through air.


Machinery and Transport equipment commodities account for 32.3 percent of total value of traded commodities

Machinery and transport equipment had the highest value of traded commodities during the third quarter of 2018 amounting to PHP54.98 billion or 32.3 percent of the total value of domestic trade (Figure 3). These commodities also shared 34.5 percent of the total traded commodities in the same quarter of the previous year. Food and live animals posting a value of PHP42.65 billion and manufactured goods classified chiefly by material with a value amounting to PHP20.33 billion, placed second and third, respectively. The other commodity sections with their value of domestic trade for the third quarter of 2018 are the following:

• Mineral fuels, Lubricants and related materials, PHP15.62 billion;
• Chemical and related products n.e.c., PHP11.03 billion;
• Beverages and Tobacco, PHP9.66 billion;
• Miscellaneous Manufactured articles, PHP8.10 billion;
• Commodities and transactions n.e.c, PHP3.46 billion;
• Crude materials, inedible except fuels, PHP3.36 billion; and
• Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes, PHP1.14 billion.


   Central Luzon shares 23.8 percent of the total quantity of traded commodities

Among the regions, Central Luzon (Region III) registered the highest quantity of traded commodities with 1.20 million tons during the third quarter of 2018. Northern Mindanao (Region X) and National Capital Region (NCR) followed with almost 1.20 million tons and 0.86 million tons, respectively (Figure 4). Other regions recorded the following quantities:

• Western Visayas (Region VI), 0.64 million tons;
• Eastern Visayas (Region VIII), 0.28 million tons;
• Davao Region (Region XI), 0.24 million tons;
• Caraga (Region XIII), 0.20 million tons;
• Bicol Region (Region V), 0.11 million tons;
• SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII), 0.09 million tons;
• Central Visayas (Region VII), 0.08 million tons;
• Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX), 0.06 million tons;
• ARMM, 0.06 million tons;
• MIMAROPA Region, 0.01 million tons; and
• CALABARZON (Region IV-A), 0.001 million tons.


Outflow and Inflow value of traded commodities grow by 10.6 percent in the third quarter of 2018

Outflow refers to the total value of commodities which goes out of the specified region or province while Inflow refers to the total value of commodities that comes in the specified region or province. Trade balance is the difference between the outflow and inflow.

Total outflow and inflow value in the third quarter of 2018 totaled to PHP170.33 billion. This translates to an increase of 10.6 percent from PHP153.99 billion recorded in the same quarter of 2017. NCR exhibited the highest outflow value amounting to PHP58.75 billion or 34.5 percent from the total outflow among the regions. Eastern Visayas (Region VIII) and Western Visayas (Region VI) followed with PHP26.35 billion and PHP24.75 billion, respectively. (Figure 5)

In terms of inflow value, Western Visayas (Region VI) posted the highest value amounting to PHP30.75 billion or 18.1 percent share to the total inflow in the third quarter of 2018. Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) had the lowest inflow value of PHP10,000.       


NCR shows favorable trade balance

Four (4) regions posted positive trade balances in the third quarter of 2018. National Capital Region (NCR) ranked first with trade balance of PHP37.82 billion. It was followed by Eastern Visayas (Region VIII) with trade balance amounting to PHP18.19 billion (Figure 6). Other regions that recorded a positive trade balance were the following:

• Central Luzon (Region III), PHP10.79 billion; and
• ARMM, PHP1.27 billion.

  The 13 regions with unfavorable (negative) trade balance during the third quarter of 2018 were the following:

• Central Visayas (Region VII), PHP24.00 billion;
• Caraga (Region XIII), PHP20.79 billion;
• Western Visayas (Region VI), PHP6.00 billion;
• Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX), PHP5.34 billion;
• MIMAROPA Region, PHP4.46 billion;
• CALABARZON (Region IV-A), PHP3.44 billion;
• Davao Region (Region XI), PHP1.65 billion;
• SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII), PHP1.05 billion;
• Ilocos Region (Region I), PHP880.62 million;
• Northern Mindanao (Region X), PHP295.41 million;
• Bicol Region (Region V), PHP77.97 million;
• Cagayan Valley (Region II), PHP0.08 million; and
• CAR, PHP10 thousand.








Commodity flow or domestic trade statistics is a compilation of data on commodities carried through the air, rail, and water transport systems in the country. 

The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) compiles domestic trade statistics from copies of coasting manifests and coastwise passenger manifest collected from the Philippine Ports Authority (PPA) and copies of airway bills from Philippine Airlines to generate Commodity Flow or Domestic Trade Statistics. Coasting manifests were collected from major ports and other active seaports listed by the PPA all over the country to account for transactions that went through seaports. 

Data on the inflow and outflow of commodities in the different regions of the country are used to construct inter-regional and inter-industry relation tables.

All copy of documents are compiled and processed by the provincial statistical offices.  Final data review of the data files, generation of statistical tables, and preparation of Special Releases are done at the Trade Statistics Division (TSD).

The 1993 Philippine Standard Commodity Classification (PSCC) is used to classify the commodities at the 5-digit level (item) for coastwise statistics and 3-digit level (group) for air statistics for statistical purposes.

All documents received as of 15 September 2018 were processed and included in the generation of 2018 Second Quarterly statistical tables. However, documents received after the deadline are included in the final tabulation.

DOMSTAT reports from the following provinces/cities which are not yet received as of 15 December 2018 and thus, are not included in this Special Release:


Mode of Transport

Month (3rd Quarter 2018)

a. Batangas


July-September 2018

b. Occidental Mindoro

Coastwise July-September 2018

c. NCR

Air July-September 2018

d. Albay

Air July-September 2018

Detailed data on domestic trade statistics are available at the Trade Statistics Division (TSD) - Economic Sector Statistics Service (ESSS) with telephone number: 376-19-75.


Limitations of Domestic Trade Statistics

The domestic trade statistics contained in this report pertains to the flow of goods through airports and seaports in the country, whether for government or private use, or for commercial purposes. Domestic trade through land was excluded because of an absence of an approach to data in the archipelagic island of the country. Moreover, data on rail transport are also excluded.

Air waybills, on the other hand, were collected from the Philippine Airlines accounting for transactions that passes through all airports.

Goods and/or commodities that were excluded in the compilation of data are:

          a. Goods transported by vessels of the Philippine Navy;

          b. Fish and other marine products landed directly from the sea;

          c. Service cargoes for consumption of the vessel crew;

          d. Cadaver; and

          e. Vessels not carrying any cargo / passenger, wherein the vessel master indicates "NIL CARGO / PASSENGER" in the coasting / 
                          passenger manifests.




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