Highlights of the Domestic Trade Statistics in the Philippines : Fourth Quarter 2018 (Preliminary Results)

Reference No.: 2019-088
Release Date: 15 March 2019


Quantity and Value of domestic trade rises

The total quantity of domestic trade during the fourth quarter of 2018 was registered at 7.24 million tons, up by 11.7 percent from its volume of 6.48 million tons in the fourth quarter of 2017.

Similarly, the value of domestic trade amounting to PHP177.00 billion during the fourth quarter of 2018 increased by mere 0.3 percent from the PHP176.39 billion in the same quarter of 2017 (Figure 2).

Food and live animals commodities ranked first in terms of quantity, with 2.09 million tons or 28.8 percent share to total quantity of domestic trade. Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes commodities had the least quantity, with only 0.02 million tons (Figure 1).

Almost all or 99.9% of the commodities were traded through water (coastwise) while the remaining commodities, through air.

Figure 1 and Figure 2

Machinery and transport equipment commodities value accounts for 34.5 percent

Machinery and transport equipment had the highest value of traded commodities during the fourth quarter of 2018, amounting to PHP61.11 billion or 34.5 percent of the total value of domestic trade (Figure 3). This commodity section, in the same quarter of previous year, also shared 33.9 percent of the total traded commodities. Food and live animals posting a value of PHP42.30 billion, and manufactured goods classified chiefly by material with a value amounting to PHP21.41 billion, placed second and third, respectively. The value of other commodity sections were the following:

• Chemical and related products, n.e.c., PHP12.73 billion;
• Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials, PHP12.30 billion;
• Miscellaneous manufactured articles, PHP10.12 billion;
• Beverages and tobacco, PHP8.12 billion;
• Commodities and transactions, not elsewhere classified in the PSCC, Rev. 2, PHP4.14 billion;
• Crude materials, inedible except fuels, PHP3.35 billion; and
• Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes, PHP1.42 billion.

Figure 3

   Northern Mindanao shares 45.5 percent of the total quantity of traded commodities

Among the regions, Northern Mindanao (Region X) registered the highest quantity of traded commodities with 3.29 million tons during the fourth quarter of 2018. Central Luzon (Region III) and National Capital Region (NCR) followed with 0.99 million tons and 0.89 million tons, respectively (Figure 4). Other regions’ quantity of traded commodities were the following:

• Central Visayas (Region VII), 0.67 million tons;
• Western Visayas (Region VI), 0.39 million tons;
• Eastern Visayas, (Region VIII), 0.35 million tons;
• Caraga (Region XIII), 0.24 million tons;
• SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII), 0.14 million tons;
• Davao Region (Region XI), 0.12 million tons;
• Bicol Region (Region V), 0.06 million tons;
• Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX), 0.04 million tons;
• ARMM, 0.04 million tons;
• MIMAROPA Region, 0.01 million tons; and
• CALABARZON (Region IVA), 1.64 thousand tons.

Figure 4                            

Outflow and Inflow value of traded commodities grow by mere 0.3 percent

Outflow refers to the total value of commodities that goes out of the specified region or province while Inflow refers to the total value of commodities that comes in the specified region or province. Trade balance is the difference between the outflow and inflow, that is outflow-inflow.

Total outflow and inflow value in the fourth quarter of 2018 totaled to PHP177.00 billion. This translates to an increase of 0.3 percent from the PHP176.39 billion in the same quarter of 2017. Among the regions, NCR exhibited the highest outflow value amounting to PHP60.18 billion or 34.0 percent of the total outflow. Eastern Visayas (Region VIII) and Western Visayas (Region VI) followed with PHP27.70 billion and PHP21.12 billion, respectively (Figure 5). Other regions with their corresponding outflow value were the following: 

• Central Visayas (Region VII), PHP20.89 billion;
• Northern Mindanao (Region X), PHP16.60 billion;
• Central Luzon, (Region III), PHP9.74 billion;
• Caraga (Region XIII), PHP8.63 billion;
• Davao Region (Region XI), PHP4.33 billion;
• SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII), PHP3.23 billion;
• Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX), PHP1.95 billion;
• Bicol Region (Region V), PHP1.31 billion;
• ARMM, PHP0.69 billion;
• MIMAROPA Region, PHP0.59 billion; and
• CALABARZON (Region IVA), PHP38.03 million;

In terms of inflow value, Central Visayas (Region VII) registered the highest value amounting to PHP36.81 billion or 20.8 percent share to the total inflow in the fourth quarter of 2018. Cagayan Valley (Region II), on the other hand, had the lowest inflow value of PHP23.21 million.


Figure 5

NCR shows the largest favorable trade balance

Four regions posted positive trade balances in the fourth quarter of 2018. National Capital Region (NCR) topped with trade balance of PHP41.78 billion. It was followed by Eastern Visayas (Region VIII) with trade balance amounting to PHP19.41 billion (Figure 6). Other regions with positive trade balance were the following:

• Central Luzon (Region III), PHP8.86 billion; and
• SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII), PHP457.45 million.

  Regions with unfavorable (negative) trade balance were the following:

• Caraga (Region XIII), PHP23.82 billion;
• Central Visayas (Region VII), PHP15.92 billion;
• Western Visayas (Region VI), PHP7.53 billion;
• Davao Region (Region XI), PHP5.23 billion;
• Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX), PHP4.93 billion;
• Northern Mindanao (Region X), PHP4.16 billion;
• MIMAROPA Region, PHP3.91 billion;
• CALABARZON (Region IVA), PHP3.10 billion;
• Ilocos Region (Region I), PHP842.45 million;
• Bicol Region (Region V), PHP638.37 million;
• ARMM, PHP404.77 million; and
• Cagayan Valley (Region II), PHP0.02 million

Figure 6




             (Director II)
             Sectoral Statistics Office








Commodity flow or domestic trade statistics is a compilation of data on commodities carried through the air, rail, and water transport systems in the country.

The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) compiles domestic trade statistics from copies of coasting manifests and coastwise passenger manifest collected from the Philippine Ports Authority (PPA) and copies of air waybills from Philippine Airlines to generate Commodity Flow or Domestic Trade Statistics. Coasting manifests are collected from major ports and other active seaports listed by the PPA all over the country to account for transactions that went through seaports. 

Data on the inflow and outflow of commodities in the different regions of the country are used to construct inter-regional and inter-industry relation tables.

All copy of documents are compiled and processed by the provincial statistical offices.  Final data review of the data files, generation of statistical tables, and preparation of Special Releases are done at the Trade Statistics Division (TSD).

The 1993 Philippine Standard Commodity Classification (PSCC) is used to classify the commodities at the 5-digit level (item) for coastwise statistics and 3-digit level (group) for air statistics for statistical purposes.

All documents received as of 15 March 2019 were processed and included in the generation of 2018 Fourth Quarter statistical tables. Documents received after the said deadline will be included in the final tabulation.

DOMSTAT reports from the Masbate, Occidental Mindoro, Camarines Sur, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi with the following details were not received as of 15 March 2019 and thus, are not included in this Special Release:


Mode of Transport

Month (4th Quarter 2018)



October-December 2018

Occidental Mindoro

Coastwise October-December 2018

Camarines Sur

Coastwise October-December 2018


Coastwise October-December 2018


Coastwise October-December 2018

Detailed data on domestic trade statistics are available at the Trade Statistics Division (TSD) of Economic Sector Statistics Service (ESSS) with telephone number (02) 376-19-75.


Limitations of Domestic Trade Statistics

The domestic trade statistics contained in this report pertains to the flow of goods through airports and seaports in the country, whether for government or private use, or for commercial purposes. Domestic trade through land was excluded because of an absence of an approach to data in the archipelagic island of the country. Moreover, data on rail transport are also excluded.

Air waybills, on the other hand, were collected from the Philippine Airlines accounting for transactions that passes through all airports.

Goods and/or commodities that were excluded in the compilation of data are:

          a. Goods transported by vessels of the Philippine Navy;

          b. Fish and other marine products landed directly from the sea;

          c. Service cargoes for consumption of the vessel crew;

          d. Cadaver; and

          e. Vessels not carrying any cargo / passenger, wherein the vessel master indicates "NIL CARGO / PASSENGER" in the coasting / 
                          passenger manifests.


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