1.1 General Background
1.2 Objectives of the Survey
1.3 Scope and Coverage of the Survey
2. Concepts, Definitions and Explanations
This section presents the important concepts used in the LFS. Concepts and definitions mentioned in previous Integrated Survey of Households (ISH) series are, in most cases, the same as the ones presented here.
A barangay is the smallest political subdivision in the country, several of which comprise one city or municipality. For purposes of enumeration in the LFS, a barangay is considered the basic geographic enumeration area.
A household is an aggregate of persons, generally but not necessarily bound by ties of kinship, who sleep in the same dwelling unit and have common arrangements for the preparation and consumption of food. Members comprise the head of the household, relatives living with him, and other persons who share the community life for reasons of work or other consideration. A person who lives alone is considered a separate household.
2.3 Reference Period
The reference period for this survey is the “past week” referring to the past seven (7) days preceding the date of visit of the enumerator or interviewer.
2.4 Employment Status Concepts
2.4.1 Population 15 Years Old and Over
This refers to number of population 15 years old and over excluding overseas workers. Overseas workers are excluded in the estimation of the size of working population (population aged 15 years and over) since the data on their economic characteristics are not collected because they are not considered part of the labor force in the country.
2.4.2 In the Labor Force or Economically Active Population
This refers to persons 15 years old and over who are either employed or unemployed in accordance with the definitions described as follows.
Employed persons include all those who, during the reference period are 15 years old and over as of their last birthday and are reported either:
a. At work. Those who do any work even for one hour during the reference period for pay or profit, or work without pay on the farm or business enterprise operated by a member of the same household related by blood, marriage or adoption; or
b. With a job but not at work. Those who have a job or business but are not at work because of temporary illness or injury, vacation or other reasons. Likewise, persons who expect to report for work or to start operation of a farm or business enterprise within two weeks from the date of the enumerator’s visit are considered employed.
Underemployed persons include all employed persons who express the desire to have additional hours of work in their present job, or an additional job, or to have a new job with longer working hours. Visibly underemployed persons are those who work for less than 40 hours during the reference period and want additional hours of work.
Unemployed persons include all those who, during the reference period, are 15 years old and over as of their last birthday and reported as:
2.4.6 Persons Not in the Labor Force
Persons 15 years old and over who are neither employed nor unemployed according to the definitions mentioned. Those not in the labor force are persons who are not looking for work because of reasons such as housekeeping, schooling and permanent disability. Examples are housewives, students, disabled, or retired persons.
2.4.7 Determination of Employment Status
The employment status of persons 15 years and over is determined on the basis of answers to a series of inter-related questions which are described below:
2.6 Occupation and Industry
2.7 Class of Worker
Employed persons are classified according to seven categories, namely:
2.7.1. Worked for private household
These are employed persons working for pay in a private household, in cash or in kind. Examples are domestic helper, household cook, gardener, and family driver.
2.7.2. Worked for private establishment.
These are persons working for pay in a private establishment, in cash or in kind. Examples are public transport drivers who do not own the vehicle but drive them on boundary basis, persons working in public work projects on private contractors, dock hands or stevedores, and cargo handlers in railroad stations or piers. This category includes not only persons working for a private industry but also those working for a religious group, missionary, unions and non-profit organizations, as well as Filipinos working in embassies, legation, chancelleries or consulates of foreign government in the Philippines, and Filipinos working in international organizations of sovereign states of governments like the United Nations (UN) and World Health Organization (WHO).
2.7.3 Worked for government and government-controlled corporation
These are persons working for the Philippine government or a government corporation or any of its instrumentalities. This category of worker includes the following workers: employees of national government agencies and local government units; employees of government-owned and -controlled corporations and financial institutions like the Government Service and Insurance System (GSIS), Social Security System (SSS), National Power Corporation (NPC), Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP); and civilian and military personnel of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) including chaplains, doctors, nurses, and dentists.
These are persons who operate their own businesses or trades and do not employ paid workers in the conduct of their economic activities. This category includes workers who worked purely on commission basis and who may not have regular working hours.
These are persons who employ one or more paid employees in the operation of their businesses or trades. Thus, domestic helpers, family drivers and other household helpers who assist in the family-operated business, regardless of time spent in this activity, are not hired employees in the enterprise/business. A farm or business proprietor who is assisted purely by such domestic help is not also considered an employer.
2.7.6 Worked with pay in own family-operated farm or business
These are members of the household who receive cash, or fixed share of the produce, as payment for their services in a farm or business operated by another member living in the same household.
2.7.7 Worked without pay in own family-operated farm or business
These are members of the household who assist in the operation of own family-operated farm or business, and do not receive any wage or salary for their work. The room and board and any cash allowance given as incentives are not counted as compensation for these family workers.
2.8 Number of Hours Worked
Number of hours worked refers to the actual number of hours engaged in by a person in all the jobs or businesses that he or she held during the past week. It includes the duration or the period when the person was occupied with his or her work, including overtime, but excluding hours paid but not worked. The normal working hours per day is the usual or prescribed working hours of a person in his or her primary job or business which is considered a full day’s work.
3. Survey Design
3.1 The 2013 Master Sample for Household-Based Surveys
Instead of purely design-based variance, model-assisted variance will be used
Calibration improves efficiency and GREG is asymptotically unbiased.