The employment rate in January 2020 was estimated at
Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) (97.2%), Region X-Northern Mindanao (96.8%), Region XII-SOCCSKSARGEN (96.7%), Region IX-Zamboanga Peninsula (96.5%), Region VII-Central Visayas (96.5%) and MIMAROPA Region (96.4%), had highest employment rates while Region I-Ilocos Region,
Workers were grouped into three broad sectors, namely, agriculture, industry and services sector. Workers in the services sector comprised the largest share of the population who are employed. These workers made up
Workers in the agriculture sector comprised the second largest group making up
Among the occupation groups, workers in elementary occupations remained the largest group at
Employed persons fall into any of these categories: (1) wage and salary workers, (2) self-employed workers without any paid employee, (3) employers in own family-operated farm or business, and (4) unpaid family workers. Wage and salary workers are those who work for private households, private establishments, government or government-controlled corporations, and those who work with pay in own family-operated farm or business. In January 2020,
Employed persons are classified as either full-time workers or part-time workers. Full-time workers refer to those who worked for
part-time workers. Of the total employed persons, in January 2020,
By definition, employed persons who expressed the desire to have additional hours of work in their present job, or to have additional job, or to have a new job with longer working hours are considered underemployed. In January 2020, the underemployment rate, which is the percentage of the underemployed to the total employed, was estimated at
Underemployed persons who worked for less than 40 hours in a week are called visibly underemployed persons. They accounted for
The unemployment rate in January 2020 was estimated at
Among the unemployed persons in January 2020,
Among the regions, Ilocos Region (8.8%), CALABARZON (6.7%), National Capital Region (6.2%) and Central Luzon (6.0%), have unemployment rates higher than the national figure (Table 4).
Youth Population and Labor Participation
Youth employment rate in January 2020 was higher at 86.4 compared to
In January 2020, an estimated 1.0 million of youth were unemployedwhich resulted to unemployment rate of
The proportion of youth (15-24 years old) who were new entrants to the labor force was estimated at
The employed youth (15-24 years old) in January 2020 worked on an average of
(Sgd.) CLAIRE DENNIS S. MAPA, Ph.D.
National Statistician and Civil Registrar General
- Starting April 2005, the new unemployment definition was adopted per NSCB Resolution Number 15 dated 20 October 2004. As indicated in the said resolution, the unemployed include all persons who are 15 years and over as of their last birthday and are reported as: (1) without work and currently available for work and looking for work; or (2) without work and currently available for work but not looking for work due to the following reasons:
1. Tired/believed no work available
2. Awaiting results of previous job application
3. Temporary illness/disability
4. Bad weather
5. Waiting for rehire/job recall
- Starting January 2012 LFS, the codes for industry adopted the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC). Prior to this, codes for industry used the 1994 PSIC.
- Question on vocational course was introduced in the January 2012 LFS questionnaire.
- Starting April 2016 round, the Labor Force Survey (LFS) adopted the 2013 Master Sample Design, with a sample size of approximately 44,000 households.
- The 2012 Philippine Standard Occupational Classification (PSOC) was adopted starting April 2016. The 1992 PSOC had been used prior to April 2016.
- Starting with the April 2016 LFS round, the population projections based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (2010 CPH) has been adopted to generate the labor force statistics.
- In July 2016, the 2008 Philippine Standard Classification of Education (PSCED) that was used in the 2015 Population Census (2015 POPCEN) has been adopted. The categories for highest grade completed were also revised considering the K to 12 program in the education system.
- In January 2017 round, Computer Aided Personal Interviewing (CAPI) using Tablet was utilized in the LFS enumeration.
- Overseas Filipino Workers are not considered part of the labor force in the Philippines. Hence, in the LFS, data on economic characteristics of household members who are overseas workers are not collected. For the LFS reports, they are excluded in the estimation of the size of working population, that is, population aged 15 years and older, and in the estimation of the labor force.
- Starting with the January 2020 LFS round, the population projections based on the 2015 Population Census (2015 PopCen) has been adopted to generate the labor force statistics. For comparison, population projections based on the 2015 PopCen was likewise used in the January 2019 labor force statistics.
See more at the Labor Force Survey main page.