About 65 percent of the population 15 years old and over are in the labor force
The number of persons in the labor force, or those who are either employed or unemployed, was estimated at 40.6 million out of the estimated 62.8 million population 15 years old and over in April 2012 (Table 1 and Table 2). This translates into a labor force participation rate (LFPR) of 64.7 percent, slightly higher compared to last year’s figure of 64.2 percent.
Majority of the regions reported an LFPR higher than the national rate. The highest participation rate was reported in Northern Mindanao where 71.1 percent of the region’s working age population was in the labor force followed by MIMAROPA with 70.1 percent and Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) with 69.0 percent. The lowest LFPR reported was in Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) at 55.9 percent (Table 1).
Employment rate registers at 93.1 percent
Out of the 40.6 million persons in the labor force reported in April 2012, 93.1 percent were employed. This placed the number of employed persons at approximately 37.8 million. In the same month last year, the employment rate was lower at 92.8 percent.
Among regions, Cagayan Valley had the highest employment rate at 97.2 percent, followed closely by the ARMM (97.1%). The National Capital Region (NCR) recorded the lowest employment rate at 89.6 percent (Table 1).
Six in ten of the employed are males
Of the 37.8 million employed persons in April 2012, more than 60 percent were males.
The largest number of employed persons belonged to the age group 25 to 34 years with 26.3 percent of the total employed. The 35 to 44 age group comprised the second largest group (22.7%), while the 15 to 24 age group made up the third largest group (20.1%) (Table 3).
More than half of the total employed are in the services sector
Of the total employed persons, more than one-half (51.6%) were in the services sector, about one-third (32.9%) were in the agriculture sector, and the rest (15.5%) were in the industry sector.
Among the industry sub-sectors, workers in agriculture, hunting and forestry sub-sector comprised the largest with 29.0 percent of the total employed. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles, and personal and household goods came next registering 18.6 percent of the total employed (Table 4).
Laborers and unskilled workers comprise one-third of the employed persons
Among the various occupation groups, laborers and unskilled workers comprised the largest group. One in three (33.6%) employed persons belonged to this occupation group. This was also the largest occupation group reported in April 2011 (32.7% of the total employed). Farmers, forestry workers, and fishermen registered the third largest group of workers with 14.3 percent of the total employed in April 2012. Service workers and shop and market sales workers increased to 11.7 percent from 10.7 percent reported in April 2011.
Officials of the government and special interest organizations, corporate executives, managers, managing proprietors, and supervisors made up 14.7 percent of the total employed (Table 5).
More than half of the employed are wage and salary workers
Employed persons fall into any of these categories: wage and salary workers, self-employed without any paid employee, employer in own family-operated farm or business and unpaid family workers. Wage and salary workers are those who work for private households, private establishments, government and government-controlled corporations and those who work with pay in own-family-operated farm or business.
More than half (55.8%) of the total employed persons in April 2012 were wage and salary workers. In the same month last year, the proportion was similar at 55.0 percent. Those working for private establishments made up 42.8 percent of the total employed, and those working for the government and government-controlled corporations accounted for 7.7 percent.
Self-employed without any paid employee was recorded at 29.0 percent while those who worked without pay in own family-operated farm or business accounted for 12.0 percent. Employers in own family-operated farm or business accounted for only 3.3 percent of the total employed (Table 6).
Among the self-employed workers without any paid employee, those in the services sector (49.2%) made up the largest percentage followed by those in the agriculture (44.5%) sector. The majority of the unpaid family workers were in the agriculture sector making up 70.5 percent of the total unpaid family workers. Among the employers in own family-operated farm or business, more than half (55.1%) were in the agriculture sector (Table 8).
Five in ten of employed persons work full time
Employed workers are classified as either full-time or part-time workers. Full time workers are those who work for 40 hours or more while part-time workers work for less than 40 hours. More than half (55.1%) of the total employed persons in April 2012 were full-time workers with those working for 40 to 48 hours making up a larger proportion (34.8% of the total employed) than those working more than 48 hours (20.2%). Part-time workers comprised 42.8 percent. This is higher than the 37.2 percent reported in April 2011 (Table 7).
One in every five employed persons desires more hours of work
Underemployed persons were estimated at 7.3 million in April 2012. This number represented 19.3 percent of the total employed. Underemployed persons are employed persons who express the desire to have additional hours of work in their present job or an additional job, or a new job with longer working hours.
Forty-three percent of the underemployed were in the agriculture sector, 40.4 percent were in the services sector while 16.6 percent were in the industry sector. Last year’s April LFS results also revealed that the largest percentage of the total underemployed was in the agriculture sector (43.4% of all underemployed) and the second largest were those in the services sector 39.9% (Table 9).
Of the underemployed in April 2012, those considered as visibly underemployed, or those persons who had been working for less than 40 hours a week accounted for 63.9 percent, a large percentage of which (52.7%) were in the agriculture sector.
Unemployment rate is 6.9 percent in April 2012
The number of unemployed persons in April 2012 was estimated at 2.8 million which translated to an unemployment rate of 6.9 percent. For every 10 unemployed, five were in the age group 15 to 24 years, while three were in the age group 25 to 34 (Table 3). Twenty-one percent of the unemployed were college graduates, 13.8 percent were in college level, and 32.8 percent were high school graduates (Table 10). Among the regions, only NCR recorded a 2-digit unemployment rate of 10.4 percent. Cagayan Valley had the lowest unemployment rate at 2.8 percent.
One in three persons aged 15 years old and over is not in the labor force
About one-third (22.2 million or 35.3%) of the 62.8 million total population 15 years old and over in April 2012 were not in the labor force. These include housewives, students, persons with disability, and those who have retired from their employment.
Forty-four percent of those who were not in the labor force belonged to the youngest age group, that is, age group 15 to 24 years. There were seven females for every 10 persons who were not in the labor force (Table 3).
- The labor force population in April 2012 was estimated at 40.6 million. This translates to a labor force participation rate (LFPR) of 64.7 percent.
- Total employed persons in April 2012 were approximately 37.8 million, resulting to a national employment rate of 93.1 percent.