60 percent of the population 15 years old and over are in the labor force
In April 2019, the total population
Region X (Northern Mindanao) had the highest reported LFPR at
Employment rate is recorded at
The total number of employed persons was estimated at
Seven of the 17 regions, namely:
More males are employed than females
Three in every five (61.4%) of the estimated
The largest number of employed persons was in the age group
More than half of the employed persons are working in services sector
The employed persons were grouped in three broad sectors, namely: agriculture, industry, and services sector. Workers in the services sector composed the largest proportion of the employed population. These employed persons made up
Classified according to sub-sector or major industry groups, workers in the wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles composed the biggest percentage of the total employed persons in
More than one-fourth of employed persons are in elementary occupations
Among the occupation groups, workers in elementary occupations made up the largest group making up
More than 60 percent of the employed persons are wage and salary workers
Employed persons were categorized as wage and salary workers, self-employed without any paid employee, employer in own family-operated farm or business, and worked without pay in own family-operated farm or business or unpaid family workers.
Wage and salary workers are those who work for private households, private establishments, government or government corporations, and those who work with pay in own family-operated farm or business.
Classified according to broad industry group, three in every five (61.5%) wage and salary workers and self-employed without any paid employee (57.6%) were in the services sector. Those unpaid family workers (54.7%) and employer in own-family operated farm or business (50.3%) were in the agriculture sector
Almost sixty eight percent (67.6%) of the total employed persons are full-time workers
Employed persons are classified as either full-time workers or part-time workers. Full-time workers are those who work for 40 hours or more during the reference week while part-time workers work for less than 40 hours.
Of the total employed persons in
Underemployment rate is registered at 13.5 percent
The underemployed persons or those employed persons who express the desire to have additional hours of work in their present job, or to have additional job, or to have a new job with longer working hours were estimated at
Underemployed persons who work for less than
Unemployment rate reaches 5.1 percent
There were more unemployed males (62.7%) than unemployed females (37.3%) (Table 3). By educational attainment, 26.4 percent of the unemployed were junior high school graduates while
Six in nine persons who are not in the labor force are women
In April 2019, about
By age group,
- The labor force population in
April 2019was estimated at 44.5 million.This translates to a labor force participation rate (LFPR) of 61.4 percent.
- Total employed persons were approximately
42.2 million,resulting to a national employment rate of 94.9 percent. More than half (58.5%)of the total employed were in the services sector, 22.3 percentwere in the agriculture sector and 19.2 percentwere in the industry sector.
- Workers in elementary occupations made up the largest proportion of employed persons as they comprised
26.5 percentof the total employed population.
- Total unemployed persons were estimated at
2.3 millionwhich translates to an unemployment rate of 5.1 percent.
- Underemployment rate was estimated at 13.5 percent.
(Sgd.)CLAIRE DENNIS S. MAPA, Ph.D.
National Statistician and Civil Registrar General
The Labor Force Survey (LFS) is a nationwide quarterly survey conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) during the months of January, April, July, and October. For this release, the data being presented are based on the final results of the
The reference period used in the survey is the past seven (7) days preceding the date of interview of the enumerator.
The concepts and definitions used in the survey can be found in PSA Integrated Survey of Households (ISH) Bulletins. Some are given below:
a. Labor Force – refers to the population
b. Employed – refers to persons in the labor force who are reported either as at work or with a job or business although not at work. Persons at work are those who did some work, even for an hour during the reference period.
c. Unemployed – refers to persons in the labor force who are reported as:
1. without work; and
2. currently available for work; and
3. seeking work or not seeking work due to the following reasons:
i. belief that no work is available, or
ii. awaiting results of previous job application, or
iii. because of temporary illness or disability, or
iv. bad weather, or
v. waiting for rehire or job recall.
d. Underemployed – refers to employed persons who express the desire to have additional hours of work in their present job or an additional job, or a new job with longer working hours.
e. Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) – refers to the proportion of total labor force to the total household population 15 years old and over.
f. Employment Rate – refers to the proportion of employed persons to the total labor force.
g. Unemployment Rate – refers to the proportion of unemployed persons to the total labor force.
h. Underemployment Rate – refers to the proportion of underemployed persons to total employed persons
- Starting January 2012 LFS, the codes for industry adopted the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC). Prior to this, codes for industry used the 1994 PSIC.
- Question on vocational course was introduced in the January 2012 Labor Force Survey (LFS) questionnaire.
- Starting April 2016 round, the LFS adopted the 2013 Master Sample Design, with a sample size of approximately 45,000 households.
- The 2012 Philippine Standard Occupational Classification (PSOC) was adopted starting
April 2016.The 1992 PSOChad been used prior to April 2016.
- Starting with the April 2016 LFS round, the population projections based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing
(2010 CPH)was adopted to generate the labor force statistics.
- Overseas Filipino Workers are not considered part of the labor force in the Philippines. Hence, in the LFS, data on economic characteristics of household members who are overseas workers are not collected. For the LFS reports, they are excluded in the estimation of the size of working population, that is, population aged
15 years and older,and in the estimation of the labor force.