Philippine Labor Force Survey April 2004 (Preliminary Results)

Reference Number: 2004-043
Release Date: June 15, 2004

Summary:
 

   Philippines  
  April 2004  
 
   April 2003   
   Total population 15 years old  
      and over  (in 000)
52,971   51,596  
   Labor force (in 000)
      Participation rate (%)
36,509  
68.9  
34,635  
67.1  
   Employment (in 000)
      Rate (%)
31,520  
86.3  
30,418  
87.8  
   Unemployment (in 000)
      Rate (%)
4,989  
13.7  
4,217  
12.2  
   Underemployment (in 000)
      Rate (%)
5,831  
18.5  
4,733  
15.6  

* Estimates for April 2004 are preliminary results and are subject to change.

  • The April 2004 Labor Force Survey results recorded a labor force participation rate (LFPR) of 68.9 percent.

  • The unemployment rate was estimated at 13.7 percent in April this year. Last year’s unemployment rate was 12.2 percent.

    • Around 50.7 percent of the unemployed were 15–24 years old.

  • The national employment rate was recorded at 86.3 percent in April this year. A year ago, it was estimated at 87.8 percent.

    • Employed persons in agricultural sector reached 11.1 million, while those in the industry and services sectors were 5.1 and 15.3 million, respectively.

  • Underemployment rate was recorded at 18.5 percent in April this year.

 
HIGHLIGHTS

Of the population 15 years old and over, there were those who were in the labor force and those who were not...

  • The number of persons in the labor force, or those who are either employed or unemployed was registered at 36.5 million, resulting to a labor force participation rate (LFPR) of 68.9 percent in April 2004.

  • The highest LFPR was recorded in Northern Mindanao at 78.3 percent and lowest in Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao at 60.9 percent.

The unemployed persons in April 2004...

  • The number of unemployed persons in April 2004 was recorded at 5.0 million. This resulted to the unemployment rate of 13.7 percent. Last year’s estimate was 4.2 million or 12.2 percent.

  • Of the 5.0 million unemployed persons, 59.0 percent were males while 41.0 percent were females.

  • About 50.7 percent were young unemployed, that is, those within the ages of 15 to 24 years old. There were 22.1 percent who were 25 to 34 years old. The rest of the unemployed (27.2 percent) were aged 35 years and older.

  • Across regions, the National Capital Region recorded the highest unemployment rate of 18.8 percent.

  • Majority of the Regions exhibit a double digit unemployment rate aside from NCR. These include Region I, Region IVA, Region VII, Region III, Region IVB, Caraga, Region XII, Region VI, Region II, Region VIII, Davao and CAR.

Unemployed Persons by Highest Grade Completed...

  • A greater proportion of the 5.0 million unemployed persons have completed at least one year of high school education (2.2 million or 43.2%). Another one million (20.1%) have reached only the elementary level.

  • About 787 thousand (15.8%) unemployed persons have actually completed college education.

Among the unemployed, there were those who actually looked for work in April 2004...

  • Of the 5.0 million unemployed persons in April 2004, about 1.3 million unemployed persons looked for work at anytime during the past week of the survey period.

  • Among the 1.3 million unemployed persons who looked for work, a number of them approached relatives or friends (34.9%) or approached employers directly (37.7%). There were about 18.3 percent who registered in employment agency and 7.7 percent who placed or answered advertisements.

...and there were those who did not look for work because of certain reasons...

  • Of the 5.0 million unemployed persons in April 2004, about 3.7 million unemployed persons (74.7%) did not look for work during the past week of the survey period in April 2004. Persons who had no job or business during the reference period and did not look for work because of their belief that no work is available, because of temporary illness or disability, because of bad weather, because of a pending job application or job interview or waiting for rehire/job recall were also considered unemployed.

  • Among the unemployed persons who did not look for work, 1.3 million or 34.4 percent did not do so because of the belief that no work is available.

The employed persons in April 2004...

  • The employed persons in April 2004 numbered to 31.5 million. Employment rate was registered at 86.3 percent. Last year’s estimate was 30.4 million or 87.8 percent.

  • Of the employed persons, about 19.6 million (62.2%) were males and 11.9 million (37.8%) were females.

Of the employed persons, there were those either working in agriculture, industry or services...

  • The proportion of employed persons in the agriculture sector to the total employed was estimated at 35.1 percent. Those engaged in agriculture, hunting and forestry was estimated at 30.9 percent while those in the fishery sector was recorded at 4.3 percent.

  • Those employed in the services sector registered a share of 48.6 percent in April 2004, accounting for about 15.3 million. Last year’s estimate was 47.4 percent or 14.4 million.

  • In the industry sector, its share to total employed was recorded at about 5.1 million in April 2004. Last year’s estimate was recorded at 4.9 million. Employment in the industry sector’s share to total employed increased to 16.3 percent from 16.0 percent last year.

The employed by occupation...

  • Occupation-wise, the laborers and unskilled workers registered a percentage of 31.5 percent, followed by the farmers, forestry workers and fishermen at 18.1 percent.

Of the employed persons, there were those who were paid wages and salaries, worked on their account, or worked for the family...

  • More than half of the employed were wage and salary workers while more than one-third were own-account workers.

  • Around 12.0 percent of the employed workers were unpaid family workers

The employed by number of hours worked...

  • Full-time workers or those who worked for 40 hours or more accounted for 55.1 percent of the total employed persons

  • Those who worked for less than 40 hours comprised 41.4 percent of the employment total

Of the employed, there were those who desired more hours of work -- the underemployed...

  • The number of underemployed persons or those who desired additional hours of work was estimated at 5.8 million this year. The corresponding underemployment rate reached 18.5 percent.

  • About 3.9 million underemployed persons actually worked for less than 40 hours during the past week of the survey period in April 2004.

About 2.0 million underemployed persons looked for additional hours of work....

  • There were about 2.0 million underemployed persons or 6.2 percent of the total employed persons, looked for work during the past week of the survey period in April 2004.

  (Sgd.)CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

Technical Notes

  • Starting the July 2003 round of the Labor Force Survey, the generation of the labor force and employment statistics adopted the 2003 Master Sample Design.

  • Using this new master sample design, the number of samples increased from 41,000 to around 51,000 sample households.

  • The province of Basilan is grouped under Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao while Isabela City (Basilan) is now grouped under Region IX. This is to adopt the regional grouping under Executive Order No.36.

  • The 1992 four-digit code for Philippine Standard Occupational Classification (PSOC) and 1994 Philippine Standard Industry Classification (PSIC) were used in classifying the occupation and industry.

     

Labor Force by Year

Contact Us

Income and Employment Statistics Division 
Social Sector Statistics Service
 J.Luis@psa.gov.ph   (02) 376-2092