Wage and Salary Workers

Reference Number: 447
Release Date: August 14, 2009

 


About 48 - 53 percent of the employed Filipinos were wage and salary workers. . .

During the period January 2001 to October 2004, the percentage of wage and salary workers to the total employed persons aged 15 years old and over was between 48-53 percent.


Source: National Statistics Office, Labor Force Survey

The highest percentage was recorded at 53.2 percent in July 2003 where 16.2 million out of the 30.5 million workers received salaries and wages. On the other hand, the lowest was observed during the first and second quarter of 2003 at 48.1 percent.

Wage and salary workers were mostly males, high school graduates and worked more than 40 hours per week. . .

More than three in every five wage and salary workers were male. This proportion was true across all the survey rounds.

Majority of the wage and salary workers, around 60.0 percent, were at least high school graduates. One in every five had a college diploma.

Female wage and salary workers were more educated compared to their male counterparts. About 30.0 percent of the females were college graduates while the males comprised only 13.0 percent.

On the average, wage and salary workers worked for more than 43 hours per week. Male and female workers spent almost the same hours in their work areas with 43.3 hours for the males and 43.6 hours for the females.

The mean basic pay per day of wage and salary workers ranges between P220 to P240 across the survey rounds. . .

The mean basic pay of wage and salary workers was reported at P237.99 in October 2004. This is an increase compared to 2001 which registered P220.04 to P223.59 across 2001 survey rounds.

Female wage and salary workers received higher basic pay for the period ranging from P225.59 to P243.28 while their male counterparts had P216.14 to P234.79.


Source: National Statistics Office, Labor Force Survey

Services sector employed more than half of wage and salary workers. . .

More than half of the wage and salary workers were in the services sector. Most of whom worked in the wholesale and retail, private households, public administration and transport, storage and communication.

Industry sectors employed about a quarter of the wage and salary workers, most of whom were engaged in manufacturing.

Those who worked in the agriculture sector were between 16-18 percent of the total wage and salary workers.

Laborers and unskilled workers comprised the biggest share of lowest earners. . .

Laborers and unskilled workers represented one-third of the total wage and salary workers. These workers also made up more than half of the lowest earners whose basic pay per day were below P100 and P100 to P149, and more than one-third of those earning P150 to P199 daily. This proportion is true across all the survey rounds.


Source: National Statistics Office, Labor Force Survey

Trades and related workers were about 13-15 percent of the total wage and salary workers. More than 20.0 percent of those who received P200 to P249 daily belonged to this occupation.

Professionals, comprise less than 10.0 percent of the total wage and salary workers, recorded the largest proportion among workers who earned a minimum of P250 a day.

By sex, a greater proportion of female wage and salary workers were professionals and had clerical jobs. Male workers, on the contrary, worked as trades and related workers, and plant and machine operators and assemblers.

 


EXPLANATORY TEXT

The Labor Force Survey (LFS) is a nationwide quarterly survey conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO). For this release, the data being presented are based on the final results of the January 2001 to October 2004 rounds.

Starting July 2003 round of the LFS, the generation of the labor force and employment statistics has adopted the 2003 Master Sample (MS) Design.Using this new master sample design, the number of samples increased from 41,000 to around 51,000 sample households.

The wage and salary workers in this release are those employed persons aged 15 years old and over who were reported to be working in private households, private establishments, government/government-controlled corporations or worked with pay in own or family operated farm or business.

 

Labor Force by Year

Infographics

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Income and Employment Statistics Division 
Social Sector Statistics Service
 J.Luis@psa.gov.ph   +632 8376 2092