Supply Utilization Accounts of Selected Agricultural Commodities

Release Date: 25 April 2022

I. The Introduction

Supply Utilization Accounts is a comprehensive statistical framework for the physical accounting of agricultural commodities. The SUA framework facilitates the derivation of important food security indicators such as Self-Sufficiency Ratio (SSR) and Import Dependency Ratio (IDR). The report covers 82 agricultural commodities that are classified as cereals, root crops, vegetables and legumes, nuts, fruits, commercial crops, livestock and poultry, non-food crops and selected fish and fishery products.

II. Data Sources

III. Methodology

The updating of SUA is based on given formula and conversion ratios and parameters as follows:

Food Commodity
Estimation of Gross Supply (GS)

where: 
GS - Gross Supply     
BS- Beginning Stock       
Prod- Production        
I- Import

Estimation of Net Supply Disposable (NSD)

where:
NSD- Net Supply Disposable             
GS- Gross Supply          
E - Exports             
EI- Ending Inventory

Estimation of Net Food Disposable (NFD)

where:
NFD- Net Food Disposable   
NSD- Net Supply Disposable             
F- quantity used for feeds                
S - quantity used for seeds               
W- quantity lost/spoiled (waste)
FU- quantity processed for food use             
NFU- quantity processed for non-food use

Estimation of Per Capita Net Food Disposable (NFD)

Non-Food Commodity

Estimation of Total Supply (TS)

where:
TS- Total Supply           
Prod-  Production
I-  Imports

Estimation of Domestic Use (DU)

where:
DU- Domestic Use          
TS- Total Supply            
E-  Exports            
S-  Seeds
F - Feeds/Waste

Conversion Ratios for Rice, Livestock and Poultry 

Item

Equivalent/Conversion

RICE

Quantity of Palay  X     0.654

CATTLE                                     

 

   Dressweight

Production (in mt)  X     0.50

   Offals

Production (in mt)  X     0.0861

CARABAO 

 

   Dressweight

Production (in mt)  X     0.50

   Offals                             

Production (in mt)  X  0.0861

HOG

 

   Dressweight 

Production (in mt)  X     0.70

   Offals

Production (in mt)  X     0.1433

GOAT

 

   Dressweight

Production (in mt)  X     0.44

   Offals

Production (in mt)  X  0. 1433

CHICKEN

 

   Dressweight

Production (in mt)  X     0.77

DUCK

 

   Dressweight 

Production (in mt)  X     0.75

EGGS

 

   Chicken        

Fresh Eggs / 21 pieces/kilogram

   Duck

Fresh Eggs / 15 pieces/kilogram

 

 

 

  

Parameters for Supply Utilization Accounts

 

Commodity Group 

Seeds

Feed and Waste

Processing

Food Use

Non- Food Use

1. Cereals

 

 

  

 

Palay 

75.00 (kg/ha)

6.5% of prod’n

                                                          

 

Rice

 

 

 

 4% of prod’n

Corn 

20.00 (kg/ha)

 65% of prod’n

5% of prod’n     

8.34% of prod’n

2. Rootcrops 

 

 

 

 

Cassava

 

6% of prod’n

17% of net supply

 

67% of net supply

Gabi

25.00 (kg/ha)

5% of prod’n

 

 

Pao/Galiang

9% of prod’n

9% of prod’n

 

 

White Potato

25.00 (kg/ha)

5% of prod’n

25% of prod’n

 

Sweet Potato

20.00 (kg/ha)

5% of prod’n

 

 

Tugui

9% of prod’n

5% of prod’n

 

 

Ubi

25.00 (kg/ha)

4% of prod’n

 

 

3. Vegetables and Legumes

 

 

 

 

Ampalaya 

2.20 (kg/ha)

8% of net supply

 

 

Asparagus   

 

8% of net supply

 

 

Bell Pepper   

 

5% of net supply

 

 

Black Pepper

 

5% of net supply

 

 

Broccoli

 

8% of net supply

 

 

Cabbage

3.70 (kg/ha)

8% of net supply

 

 

Carrots

 

8% of net supply

 

 

Cauliflower

 

8% of net supply

 

 

Celery

3.50 (kg/ha)

8% of net supply

 

 

Chayote

3.50 (kg/ha)

8% of net supply

 

 

Cucumber

3.50 (kg/ha)

8% of net supply

 

 

Eggplant

2.10 (kg/ha)

8% of net supply

 

 

Garlic

12.00% of prod’n

8% of net supply

 

 

Ginger

0.50% of prod’n

8% of net supply

 

 

Gourd (Upo)

3.30 (kg/ha)

8% of net supply

 

 

Habitchuelas

6.00 (kg/ha)

8% of net supply

 

 

Mongo

4.50 (kg/ha)

0.5% of net supply

 

 

Okra

 

8% of net supply

 

 

Onion

7% of prod’n

8% of net supply

 

 

Patola

1.10 (kg/ha)

8% of net supply

 

 

Peanut

4.00 (kg/ha)

0.5% of net supply

7% of net supply

 

Pechay

4.50 (kg/ha)

8% of net supply

 

 

Radish

3.90 (kg/ha)

8% of net supply

 

 

Soybean     

4.50 (kg/ha)

0.5% of ns

 73% of net supply

 

Squash

1.00 (kg/ha)

8% of net supply

 

 

Tomato

3.90 (kg/ha)

7% of net supply

15% of net supply

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. Nuts

 

 

 

 

Cashew

 

4.00 (kg/ha)

0.5% of net supply

0.25% of net supply

 

Pili

4.00 (kg/ha)

0.5% of net supply

0.25% of net supply

 

5. Fruits

 

 

 

 

Atis

 

6% of net supply

 

 

Avocado

 

6% of net supply

 

 

Balimbing

 

6% of net supply

 

 

Banana

 

6% of net supply

25% of net supply

 

Caimito 

 

6% of net supply

 

 

Calamansi

 

6% of net supply

 

 

Chico

 

6% of net supply

 

 

Durian

 

6% of net supply

 

 

Guyabano

 

6% of net supply

 

 

 Jackfruit

 

6% of net supply

 

 

Lanzones 

 

6% of net supply

 

 

Mandarin

 

6% of net supply

 

 

Mango 

 

6% of net supply

 

 

Mangosteen

 

6% of net supply

 

 

 Marang

 

6% of net supply

 

 

Orange

 

6% of net supply

 

 

Papaya

Pineapple

Pomelo

Strawberry

Tiesa

Watermelon

 

6% of net supply

6% of net supply

6% of net supply

6% of net supply

6% of net supply

6% of net supply

 

44% of net supply 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6. Commercial Crops

 

 

 

 

Cacao

 

 

1% of net supply

 

Coconut

1% of prod’n.

 

40% of net supply

54% of net supply

Coffee

 

6% of net supply

23% of net supply

 

Sugarcane

 

 

99% of prod’n.

 

7. Livestock and Poultry

 

 

 

 

Beef

 

 

10% of prod’n.

 

Carabeef

 

 

0.1% of prod’n.

 

Chevon

 

 

 

 

Pork

 

 

1.2% of prod’n.

 

Chicken (Dressed)

 

 

 

 

Duck (Dressed)

 

 

 

 

Chicken Egg

6% of prod’n.

 

2% of prod’n.

 

Duck Egg

4% of prod’n.

 

2% of prod’n.

 

8. Non-Food Crops

 

 

 

 

Abaca

 

 

 

 

Cotton

4% of prod’n.

 

 

 

Rubber

 

 

 

 

Tobacco

 

10% of prod’n

 

 

 

9. Fish and Fishery Products

 

 

 

 

Milkfish

 

3% of prod’n.

32% of prod’n.

 

Roundscad

 

3% of prod’n.

32% of prod’n.

 

Tilapia

 

3% of prod’n.

 

 

Tuna

 

3% of prod’n.

32% of prod’n.

 

Crab

 

1.5% of prod’n.

 

 

Shrimps and Prawns

 

1.5% of prod’n.

 

 

Mussel

 

1.5% of prod’n.

 

 

Oyster

 

1.5% of prod’n.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IV. Concepts and Definition of Terms

Supply Utilization Accounts is a comprehensive statistical framework for the physical accounting of agricultural commodities produced in the country.

Supply Elements

Supply - is the quantity of food supplies available before disposal to food and non-food uses.  It comprises of Beginning Stocks, Production, and Imports.

Beginning Stock - refers to the quantity of the commodity available at the beginning of the reference period.  This includes stocks held at various levels from the farm to final consumption or consumers of the commodity usually at the household level.  It also includes that part of imports in stocks.

Production - relates to the total domestic production that takes place during the reference period. It includes commercial and backyard production.

Imports - refer to all goods entering any of the seaports or airports of entry of the Philippines properly cleared through the Customs or remaining under the Customs control, whether the goods are for direct consumption, for merchanting (global manufacturing, global   trade in commodities), for warehousing or for further processing.

Utilization Elements

Utilization - comprises of seeds, feeds and waste, processing, exports and the balance which represents the Net Food Disposable.
Seeds - is the amount of commodity allotted for seeds or in general for production purposes.

Feeds - refer to the amount of food commodity allotted for animals or livestock/poultry during the reference period.

Waste - is the amount of food commodity wasted during the reference period at various stages from farm to retail level as in processing, storage, and transport.

Processing- is the volume of the commodity used as inputs or raw material for manufacturing into food and non-food items.

Export - all goods leaving the country which are properly cleared through the Customs.

Net Food Disposable (NFD) - refers to the volume of food commodity available in its original (unprocessed) form for human consumption. NFD is the remaining balance after all the "use" parameters are taken into account. The net food disposable in per capita per year and in per capita per day are expressed in kilograms and grams, respectively.

Ending Stock - is the stock of commodity available at the end of the reference period.  This includes stock held at the various levels, i.e., households, traders, government, and commercial warehouses

Carcass – the body of any slaughtered animal after the removal of the offals.

Offals – the by-product and other edible parts such as head, tail, organ glands and other tissue meat of the animals

V. Dissemination of Results

Report and Schedule of Release

VI. Citation

Philippine Statistics Authority. (2022). Technical Notes on Supply Utilization Accounts. https://psa.gov.ph/technical-notes/

VII. Contact Information

Ms. Manuela S. Nalugon
(Supervising Statistical Specialist)
Officer-in-Charge
Agricultural Accounts Division
(02) 8376-1954
m.nalugon@psa.gov.ph

For data request, you may contact:
Knowledge Management and Communications Division
(02) 8462-6600 loc. 820
info@psa.gov.ph | kmcd.staff@psa.gov.ph

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