Family Planning

Half of the Filipino Women Now Practicing Family Planning

Contraceptive use among married women in the Philippines has almost tripled over the last 30 years, from 17 percent in 1973 to 49 percent in 2003 (Table 1). Furthermore, two Filipino women in five who are not currently using a contraceptive method declare having the intention to use one in the future (Table 2), according to results just released by the 2003 National Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS). The National Statistics Office (NSO) conducted the NDHS, a nationally representative survey of 13,000 households, 14,000 women age 15-49 and 5,000 men age 15-54.

Contraceptive Use in the Philippines

The contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) or the proportion of married women 15-49 years reporting current use of contraceptives drops to 47.0 percent in 2000 from the 49.3 percent recorded in 1999 (Figure 1). This is primarily caused by the decrease in the use of traditional methods (16.9% to 14.7%), particularly withdrawal (6.7% to 4.8%). Meanwhile, the prevalence rate of modern methods leveled off in the last two years (32.4% in 1999 and 32.3% in 2000).

Use of Modern Methods up in Most Regions (Final Results from the 2002 Family Planning Survey)

Use of modern family planning methods, which include pills, condom, female sterilization, male sterilization, intrauterine device (IUD), injection, diaphragm/foam/jelly/cream, mucus/Billings/ovulation, LAM, temperature, and standard days method, increased in most regions. Central Mindanao, Bicol, Central Visayas, and Cordillera Administrative Region registered the highest increases in the percentage of women using modern methods between 2001 and 2002. Meanwhile, the National Capital Region had a significant decline in modern contraceptive use.

One in Three FIlipino Women is Using a Modern Contraceptive Method

Thirty-five percent or about one-third of married women in the country are using modern contraceptive methods, according to the 2004 Family Planning Survey (FPS). This proportion is the same as that recorded in the 2002 FPS. One out of 10 married women (14%) uses a traditional method, while five out of 10 (51%) are not using any contraceptive method at all. Modern methods include female sterilization, male sterilization, pill, IUD, injectable, condom, mucus/Billings/ovulation methods, Standard Days Method and Lactational Amenorrhea Method. Traditional methods include calendar method, rhythm or periodic abstinence, and withdrawal.

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