Contraceptive Use Among Filipino Women (Based from the Results of the 2011 Family Health Survey)

The 2011 Family Health Survey (FHS) provides information on key family planning indicators including the contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR), contraceptive method mix, and contraceptive users by background characteristics such as age, education and socio-economic status. The CPR is defined as the percentage of currently married women of reproductive age (15-49) reporting current use of any method of contraception.

Urban Women Bear Less Children in Their Lifetime Than Rural Women (Results from the 2011 Family Health Survey )

The total fertility rate (TFR) of women in urban areas averages at 2.7 children per woman (Table 1). The figure was lower than the average of 3.6 children per woman for those in rural areas. TFR is interpreted as the number of births a woman could have, on the average, at the end of her reproductive year. At the national level, the TFR based on the 2011 FHS was 3.1.

Death among Children Under Five Years of Age Continues to Decline (Results from the 2011 Family Health Survey)

An estimated 30 children for every 1,000 live births in the Philippines will likely die before reaching age five. The said estimated under-five mortality rate (U-5MR) or the probability of a child born on a specified year and dying before reaching the age of five years based on the 2011 Family Health Survey (FHS) is lower than the estimated deaths per 1,000 live births based on the 2006 Family Planning Survey (FPS). Under-five mortality levels in the Philippines continue to improve, falling from 64 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1993 to 40 deaths in 2003. Estimates for U-5MR make reference to the 5-year period prior to the year the survey was conducted. The latest estimate refers to the period 2007-2011.

Unmet Need for Family Planning Remains High (Results from the 2011 Family Health Survey)

The 2011 Family Health Survey (FHS) results reveal that unmet need for family planning (FP) among married women in the Philippines remains high at 19.3 percent, 10.5 percent for birth spacing and 8.8 percent for limiting births. In the 2006 Family Planning Survey, unmet need for FP was 15.7 percent, 8.4 percent for spacing and 7.3 percent for limiting (Table 1). Unmet need for FP refers to the proportion of currently married women who are not using any method of family planning but do not want any more children or prefer to space births.

Women in Poor Households Are Less Likely To Practice Family Planning (Results from the 2011 Family Health Survey)

Use of family planning (FP) method is lower among women in poor households than those in non-poor households (43.1 percent versus 51.3 percent), according to the results of the 2011 Family Health Survey (FHS). The difference is mainly due to the lower prevalence rate for modern methods among poor women (31.8 percent) than non-poor women (38.9 percent). The most significant difference is on the use of female sterilization. The survey findings reveal that 5.2 percent of poor women as compared to 10.0 percent of non-poor women use female sterilization (Table 1).

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