Gender Sensitivities

Underemployed Women

Underemployed persons are employed persons who express the desire to have additional hours of work in their present job or an additional job, or have a new job with longer working hours. They were estimated at 6.0 million in October 2008. Of this number, 28.1 percent are women (1.7 million). This translates to an underemployment rate (the proportion of underemployed women to total employed women) of 12.8 percent for women. Underemployment rate among men is reported at 20.4 percent.

Most Common Filipino Names : 2005

More than half (52.0 percent) or a total of 878,084 of the reported births in the year 2005 were males while 48.0 percent or 810,834 babies born then were females. About 0.9 percent or 7,758 of the total male births reported were named “Joshua”, while 0.6 percent or 4,722 of the total female births were named “Angel.”

Women Empowerment (Excerpts from the 2008 NDHS Final Report)

Empowerment of women is essential for the achievement of sustainable development. The full participation and partnership of both women and men is required in productive and reproductive life. The 2008 NDHS explores women’s empowerment in terms of employment, type of earnings, control over cash and earnings and freedom of movement.

Literacy of Men and Women in the Philippines (Results from the 2008 Functional Literacy, Education and Mass Media Survey)

Basic literacy is almost universal in the Philippines. Of the estimated 68 million Filipinos 10 years old and over in 2008, 95.6 percent are basically literate. The basic literacy rate is 96.1 percent among females and 95.1 percent among males. By region, basic literacy rates are about the same for males and females.

Overseas Filipino Women

The number of the overseas Filipino workers registered in the October 2006 Survey on Overseas Filipinos is 1.52 million. The number of female overseas workers is 764, which is 2% more than the number of male overseas workers in the same year. From the same survey conducted in October 2007, there were 1.75 million overseas Filipino workers or an increase of 232 thousand from 2006. The sex ratio among overseas Filipino workers is 104 males per 100 females. The number of female Filipino workers increased by 93 thousand from 764 thousand in 2006 to 857 thousand in 2007.


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