Gender Sensitivities

Female-Headed Families Have More Income Than Male-Headed Families (Based From the Final Results of the 2009 Family Income and Expenditure Survey)

Of the estimated 18.5 million families in 2009, one in every five was female-headed, according to the 2009 Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES). This is because Filipinos, in general, regard the male as head of the family. On the average, female-headed families had an income of about 230 thousand pesos every year which is higher than the income of male-headed families which was 200 thousand pesos, on the average.

Education of Women and Men

The Functional Literacy, Education and Mass Media Survey (FLEMMS) shows the educational attainment of the population aged six years old and over. The survey results in 2003 and 2008 revealed an increasing trend in the proportion of population aged six years old and over who had completed at least elementary education. From 62 percent in 2003, the proportion who have completed at least elementary education increased to 68 percent in 2008.

Women's HIV/AIDS-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior (Excerpts from the 2008 NDHS Report)

In the 2008 National Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS), women were asked if they had ever heard of an illness called AIDS. The results show that almost all Filipino women have heard of AIDS (94 percent). Awareness of HIV/AIDS among women varies more by marital status and urban-rural residence. The percentage of women who have heard of AIDS is highest among never-married women who have ever had sex (98 percent). Ninety-seven percent of women in urban areas have heard of HIV/AIDS, compared with 91 percent of women in rural areas.


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