Income and Expenditure

Technical Notes on the Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES)

The 2015 Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) is a nationwide survey of households undertaken every three years.  It is the main source of data on family income and expenditure, which include among others, levels of consumption by item of expenditure as well as sources of income in cash and in kind.  The results of FIES provide information on the levels of living and disparities in income of Filipino families, as well as their spending patterns.

Fuel, Light and Water Expenditures Increased in 2000

In 2000, total family expenditures for fuel, light and water was reported at P112.7 billion, an increase of P38 billion or 50.9 percent from 1997 figure of P74.6 billion. Of this amount, P59.9 billion or 53.2 percent was on electricity expenditures, the highest among the fuel, light, and water expenditure group. Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) expenditures ranked second with P20.5 billion or 18.2 percent, while water expenditures (P13.8 billion or 12.3 %) ranked third. On the average, total fuel, light and water expenditures for each family in 2000 was reported at P7,380.

Medical Expenditures In 2000 Reached P34.6 Billion

Total family expenditures for medical care in 2000 was reported at P34.6 billion increasing by P4.2 billion or higher by 13.7 percent from its P30.4 billion figure in 1997. This translates to P2,660 medical care expenditures for each family in 2000. Expenditures for drugs and medicines reported the highest percentage with 46.4 percent, hospital room charges with 24.1 percent, medical charges (including doctor's fee) with 21.7 percent, other medical goods such as alcohol, bandage, plaster, etc. with 3.5 percent and the combined expenditures for dental charges, contraceptives, and other medical and health services with only 4.3 percent.

Education Expenditures in 2000 increased by 44.0 percent

The total family expenditures for education in 2000 increased by 44.0 percent compared to 1997 education expenditures. Of the P76.1 billion reported total education expenditures, P53.4 billion or 70.2 percent was on expenditures for education fees (including matriculation, tuition fees, etc.), followed by allowance for family member studying away from home with P14 billion or 18.4 percent. Each family on the average spends about P6,894 for education in 2000.

Education expenditure in 2003 higher by 8.5 percent (Based on 2003 Family Income and Expenditure Survey Final Results)

Education is valued highly by Filipinos. It is viewed as a primary avenue for social and economic upliftment. Like food and other basic needs, a substantial amount is spent for education. In the 2003 FIES, education accounted for 4.0 percent of the total family expenditures of approximately P20 trillion in the said year.


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