Literacy, Education and Mass Media

Functional Literacy

In 1994, NCR had a 92.4 percent FLR, a slight 1.8 percentage point improve-ment from the 1989 level of 90.6 percent. Like in simple literacy, NCR was ranked first in functional literacy in both years but its increment was the lowest among regions. This is expected because being the country’s center for education, NCR had already very high literacy rates. In contrast to NCR’s 9 out of 10 persons aged 10 to 64 who are functionally literate, only about 6 in every ten persons in ARMM (61.2 percent) have basic reading, writing and computational skills.

Simple Literacy

About 93.9 percent (47.3 million out of 50.4 million) or roughly 9 out of 10 Filipinos aged 10 years old and over in 1994 can read and write and understand a simple message in any language or dialect (simple literate). Simple literacy improved by 4.1 percentage points from 89.8 percent in 1989, or an average increase of 0.8 percentage point per year. In other words, approximately 1 additional Filipino in every 100 became literate yearly from 1989 to 1994. Refer also to Tables A1 and A3.

Literacy Status of Filipinos (Results from the 2003 Functional Literacy, Education and Mass Media Survey)

About one in every 10 Filipinos 10 to 64 years old cannot read and write
According to the results of the 2003 Functional Literacy, Education and Mass Media Survey (FLEMMS), about one in 10 of the population 10 to 64 years old cannot read and write or basically illiterate

Almost Nine Out of Ten Filipinos Are Functionally Literate (Final Results from the 2008 Functional Literacy and Mass Media Survey)

Fifty-eight million of the estimated 67 million Filipinos 10 to 64 years old are functionally literate, according to the results of the 2008 Functional Literacy, Education and Mass Media Survey (FLEMMS). In this survey, a functionally literate person is one who can read, write and compute or one who can read, write, compute and comprehend. Persons who completed high school or a higher level of education are also considered functionally literate.

Eight in Ten Filipinos are Functionally Literate (Results from the 2003 Functional Literacy, Education and Mass Media Survey)

Of the estimated 57.6 million Filipinos 10 to 64 years old, about 48.4 million or 84 percent are functionally literate, according to the results of the 2003 Functional Literacy, Education and Mass Media Survey (FLEMMS). In this survey, a self-administered questionnaire was accomplished by persons 10 to 64 years old in order to determine their functional literacy status. Functional literacy is a higher level of literacy which includes not only reading and writing skills but also numerical and comprehension skills.

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