Technical Notes on the 2003 National and Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS)

In the absence of comprehensive registration of population and vital statistics, demographic surveys are the primary source of data used in monitoring the progress and evaluating the impact of the population program of the country. The Philippine Population Program was officially launched in 1970. Since then, it has undergone many changes in its policy and program directions. In the beginning, the program was centered on fertility reduction and contraceptive distribution, using a clinic-based approach. In the 1970s, the family planning program shifted to a family welfare approach, adopting a combined clinic and community-based delivery approach. In the 1980s, the population policy was restated, calling for the broadening of population concerns beyond fertility reduction to cover family formation, the status of women, maternal and child health, morbidity and mortality, population distribution and urbanization, internal and international migration, and population structure (Commission on Population, 1997: 1)

1998 National Demographic and Health Survey - Maternal Health

Tetanus Toxoid Coverage

Tetanus toxoid injections are given during pregnancy in order to prevent neonatal tetanus, a frequent cause of infant deaths when sterile procedures are not observed in cutting the umbilical cord following delivery. Table MH1 shows that, for 69 percent of births in the five-year period before the survey, the mother received at least one tetanus toxoid injection during pregnancy. This represents a slight increase from the 64 percent level in 1993 (NSO and MI, 1994:94). Tetanus toxoid coverage is lower for births in ARMM region and those to women with no education.

1998 National Demographic and Health Survey - Fertility Preferences

Respondents in the 1998 NDHS were asked whether they wanted to have another child and, if so, how soon. Table FP1 summarizes the information on women's reproductive preferences. Half (51 percent) of currently married women in the Philippines say they want no more children, and an additional 10 percent have been sterilized (Figure FP1. Thirty-two percent of women want to have a child at some time in the future; however, the majority of these women (19 percent of all currently married women) say they would like to wait two or more years before having their next birth. Only 12 percent of women say they want to have a child soon and 4 percent are undecided about whether they want to have another child. Thus, the vast majority of married women (81 percent) want either to space their next birth or to limit childbearing altogether.

1998 National Demographic and Health Survey - Fertility

Age-specific and total fertility rates for the survey are calculated directly from the pregnancy history data and are shown in Table 1, along with the mean number of children ever born. The total and age-specific fertility rates are for the three-year period before the survey, a period covering principally the calendar year 1995-1997. The total fertility rate is the sum of the age-specific and is a useful measure of of the level of recent fertility. It represent the number of children a woman would have by the end of her reproductive years if she were to bear children at the currently observed age-specific rates. The total fertility rate for the three-year period before the survey (approximately 1995-1997) is 3.7. As can be seen in Figure 1, Filipino women have a late pattern of childbearing

1998 National Demographic and Healthy Survey


The 1998 Philippines National Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) is a nationally-representative survey of 13,983 women age 15-49. The NDHS was designed to provide information on levels and trends of fertility, family planning knowledge and use, infant and child mortality, and maternal and child health. It was implemented by the National Statistics Office in collaboration with the Department of Health. Macro International Inc. of Calverton Maryland provided technical assistance to the project, while financial assistance was provided by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Fieldwork for the NDHS took place from early March to early May 1998.


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