Despite declining rates, fertility level in the Philippines remains among highest in Southeast and Central Asia

Results from the 1998 National Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) confirm that while national fertility rates are declining, at an average of 3.7 children per woman, they are still considerably higher than the rates prevailing in neighboring countries. Women in Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Bangladesh, and India have fewer than 3.5 children during their reproductive life. NDHS results reveal that there may be several reasons why fertility rates in the Philippines have not fallen more rapidly.

Women Empowerment (Excerpts from the 2008 NDHS Final Report)

Empowerment of women is essential for the achievement of sustainable development. The full participation and partnership of both women and men is required in productive and reproductive life. The 2008 NDHS explores women’s empowerment in terms of employment, type of earnings, control over cash and earnings and freedom of movement.


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