Technical Notes

Technical Notes on the 1998 National and Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS)


The 1998 National Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) was a national-level sample survey designed to provide information on various demographic and maternal and child health issues in the Philippines. The NDHS was conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in collaboration with the Department of Health. Macro International Inc. of Calverton, Maryland provided technical assistance to the project as part of its international Demographic and Health Surveys program, while financial assistance was provided by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)/Philippines.

Technical Notes on the 2003 National and Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS)

In the absence of comprehensive registration of population and vital statistics, demographic surveys are the primary source of data used in monitoring the progress and evaluating the impact of the population program of the country. The Philippine Population Program was officially launched in 1970. Since then, it has undergone many changes in its policy and program directions. In the beginning, the program was centered on fertility reduction and contraceptive distribution, using a clinic-based approach. In the 1970s, the family planning program shifted to a family welfare approach, adopting a combined clinic and community-based delivery approach. In the 1980s, the population policy was restated, calling for the broadening of population concerns beyond fertility reduction to cover family formation, the status of women, maternal and child health, morbidity and mortality, population distribution and urbanization, internal and international migration, and population structure (Commission on Population, 1997: 1)


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