Supporting auxiliary transport activities; activities of travel agencies dominated the sector in terms of number of establishments
The 2002 Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI) for transport, storage and communications sector covered 9,640 establishments. Establishments with an average total employment (ATE) of less than 20 employees represented 87.7 percent of the total establishments while the remaining 12.3 percent were establishments with an average total employment (ATE) of 20 and over. (See Table 1 to Table 3)
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities; activities of travel agencies (PSIC I63), contributed largely to the total establishments with 41.9 percent share (4,036 establishments). This was followed by land transport; transport via pipelines (PSIC I60) with 31.7 percent (3,052 establishments). Air transport (PSIC I62), on the other hand, recorded the lowest proportion to the total establishments with 0.2 percent (21 establishments).
Regional data, for transport storage and communications establishments with ATE of 20 and over, showed that National Capital Region (NCR) registered the highest number of establishments with 658 (55.3%). Central Visayas reported 81 establishments (6.8%). Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) had the lowest share of 0.3 percent (4 establishments).
Air transport led all transport industries in terms of average employment per establishment
The sector?s total employed persons for 2001 reached 219,279. About one-third of the total employment or 72,654 workers were engaged in supporting and auxiliary transport activities; activities of travel agencies (PSIC I63). This was followed by land transport; transport via pipelines (PSIC I60) and postal and telecommunications services (PSIC I64) with 29.9 percent (65,667 employees) and 51,339 workers (23.4%), respectively.
Air transport (PSIC I62) with 506, led all transport industries in terms of average employment per establishment. Water transport (PSIC I61) had the least with 17 workers per establishment.
Transport, storage and communications sector was dominated by male workers in 2001. There were 168,552 males (76.9%) and 50,727 females (23.1%) working in the sector. In terms of sex ratio there are 332 males for every 100 females working in this sector. The land transport; transport via pipelines (PSIC I60) had the highest sex ratio of 915 while air transport (PSIC I62) had lowest sex ratio of 165.
Paid employees comprised 94.1 percent of total employed. An estimated 33.3 percent of paid employees were engaged in supporting and auxiliary transport activities; activities of travel agencies (PSIC I63).
Paid employees in the transport, storage and communications sector received an average monthly compensation of P13,236.
Total compensation for the year amounted to P32.79 billion, 40.2 percent (P13.19 billion) was paid to workers engaged in postal and telecommunications services (PSIC I64).
On the average, paid employees in this sector received a monthly compensation of P13,236 in 2001. Air transport (PSIC I62) workers received the highest average monthly compensation of P35,212. Lowest earners were engaged in the land transport; transport via pipelines (PSIC I60) with P6,776.
Revenue per peso cost was valued at P1.37
Industries that earned larger revenues also spent higher operating costs. Total revenue earned by transport, storage and communications sector was P313.54 billion while the total costs reached P229.20 billion in 2001. For every peso spent, the sector generated as much as P1.37 in revenue.
Postal and telecommunications services (PSIC I64) had the biggest proportion to the total revenue and total costs with 51.5 percent (P161.41 billion in revenues) and 55.4 percent (P126.99 billion in costs), respectively.
Labor Productivity (revenue per employee) for the transport, storage and communications sector registered at P1.43 million. Three out of five industry divisions that exceeded the national level rate were air transport (PSIC I62) with P5.13 million; postal and telecommunications services (PSIC I64) with P3.14 million; and water transport (PSIC I61) with P1.75 million.
Scope and Coverage:
The 2002 Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI) formerly known as Annual Survey of Establishments (ASE) was conducted to collect information on the structure and trends of economic activities in the entire country for the year 2001. Covered were establishments engaged in economic activities as defined under the 1994 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC). These establishments were classified into 14 sectors, one of which is on Transport, storage and communications (Sector I). The sector is composed of establishments engaged in five industry divisions, namely, land transport; transport via pipelines (I60); water transport (I61); air transport (I62); supporting and auxiliary transport activities; activities of travel agencies (I63); postal and telecommunications services (I64).
All transport, storage and communications establishments nationwide with average total employment (ATE) of 200 and over were covered on a 100 percent basis and those with ATE less than 200 were selected using simple random sampling.
A total of 917 or 88.86% responded out of the 1,032 samples drawn for the sector. Adjustments for non-response were made through imputations.
Concepts and Definition of terms
Establishment - is an economic unit, which engages under a single ownership or control, i.e. under a single legal entity, in one, or predominantly one kind of economic activity at a single fixed location.
Economic activity - or business is the activity of the establishment as classified under the1994 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC). The main activity refers to the activity that contributes the biggest or major portion of the gross income or revenue of the establishment.
Total employment - is the number of persons who worked in or for the establishment as of November 15, 2001.
Paid employees - are all persons working in the establishments receiving pay as well as those working away from the establishment when paid by and under the control of the establishment. Included are persons working as full-time or part-time and those employees on sick leave, paid vacation or holiday. Excluded are consultants, home workers and workers receiving commission only.
Unpaid workers - include working owners who do not receive regular pay, apprentices and learners without regular pay, and persons working without regular pay for at least one third of the working time normal to the establishment.
Salaries and wages - are payments in cash or in kind, prior to deduction for employee?s contribution to SSS/GSIS, withholding tax, etc. Included are total basic pay, vacation, sick, maternity leave pay, overtime pay, and other benefits.
Revenue - refers to cash received and receivables for goods sold and services rendered.
Cost - refers to all expenses excluding compensation incurred during the year whether paid or payable. Valuation should be at market price including taxes and other charges, net of discounts, rebates, returns and allowances. Goods received from and services rendered by other establishment of the same enterprise are valued as though purchased.
Gross additions to fixed assets - refer to the cost of acquisition of fixed assets acquired in 2001 less the value of sales of fixed assets during the year.
Fixed assets - are physical assets expected to have productive life of more than one year and intended for use and/or being used by the establishment. Included are land, buildings, fixtures, machinery, tool, furniture, office equipment, vehicles, and the like.
Capital expenditures - refer to the cost of acquisition of fixed assets acquired in 2001 whether or not full payments have been made.
Subsidies - are special grants in the form of financial assistance or tax exemption or tax privilege given by the government to develop an industry or production and to protect it against competition.
Inventories - refer to stocks of goods owned by or under the control of the establishment as of a fixed date, regardless of where the stocks are located. Valuation should be at current replacement cost in purchaser's price at the indicated dates. Replacement cost is the cost of an item in terms of its present price rather than its original price.
Change in Inventories - as a derived indicator is computed as the value of ending inventory less the value of beginning inventory.
Value Added - is the total revenue plus capital expenditures (own account) plus change in inventories less total cost (net of indirect taxes and interest).
Source: National Statistics Office