Vital Statistics

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The preliminary number of registered deaths from January to December 2020 reached 601,811, lower than the total registered deaths of 620,414 in the same period in 2019. While registered monthly deaths in 2020 were lower than their respective months in the previous year, July, August, and September already recorded higher deaths at 54,300 (9.7% growth), 56,620 (12.6% growth) and 53,709 (3.2% growth), respectively. (Figure 1 and Table 1)

The top three causes of death in the country in 2020 were ischaemic heart diseases, neoplasms, and cerebrovascular diseases. Incidentally, these were also the leading causes of death in 2019. In 2020, deaths due to ischaemic heart diseases were the leading cause of death with 99.7 thousand cases or 17.3 percent of the total deaths in the country. This was an increase of about 2.3 percent from the 97.5 thousand deaths or 15.7% of the total deaths in 2019. On the other hand, neoplasms, commonly known as “cancer”, came in second with 62.3 thousand deaths or 10.8 percent. Cerebrovascular diseases were the third leading cause which accounted for 59.7 thousand deaths or 10.4 percent of the total. Neoplasms and cerebrovascular diseases both showed a decrease of -9.3 percent and -6.0 percent, respectively, from the previous year. Deaths due to diabetes mellitus (37.3 thousand or 6.5% share), which ranked fourth in 2020, had an annual increase of 7.8 percent. Meanwhile, deaths due to pneumonia, which recorded 32.6 thousand cases (5.7% share) in 2020, posted a -48.1 percent decrease from 62.7 thousand (10.1% share) in 2019, making it the fifth leading cause of death for the year. (Table 1 and Figure 1)

In 2019, a total of 1,673,923 live births were registered, which is equivalent to a crude birth rate (CBR) of 15.6 or 16 births per thousand population. The number of registered live births showed a generally decreasing trend, noticeably from 2013 to 2018. A decrease of-6.5 percent in the registered live births was noted in the past seven years, from 1,790,367 in 2012 to 1,673,923 in 2019. (Figure 1 and Table 1)

Technical Notes on Vital Statistics

Vital statistics are derived from information obtained at the time when the occurrences of vital events and their characteristics are inscribed in a civil register.