Data on births presented in this release were obtained from the timely and late registered births at the Office of the City/Municipal Civil Registrars all throughout the country and submitted to the Office of the Civil Registrar General through the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)-Provincial Statistical Offices (PSOs). The information presented includes births that occurred from January to December 2021 based on data files received by the PSA-Central Office from the PSOs that were registered as of 31 March 2022. Figures presented herein are not adjusted for under registration. This release includes births of Filipinos whose usual residence is abroad and births of foreign nationals that occurred in the country during the reference period. Births of Filipinos abroad which were reported to the Philippine Foreign Service Posts are presented in a separate report.
Twelve births per thousand population
In 2021, a total of 1,364,739 live births were registered, which is equivalent to a crude birth rate (CBR) of 12.4 or 12 births per thousand population.
The number of registered live births showed a generally decreasing trend. A decrease of -23.8 percent in the registered live births was noted in the past ten years, from 1,790,367 in 2012 to 1,364,739 in 2021. The highest rate of decline was noted in 2021 with -10.7 percent. (Figure 1 and Table 1)
About nine in ten newborn babies weighed more than 2,500 grams
Birth weight serves as a measure of the nutritional status of newborns. Low birth weight is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as weight at birth less than 2,500 grams (5.5 lbs.).
Of the total number of newborn babies, 87.3 percent were above the defined low birth weight.
The median birth weight was about 3,000 grams. In other words, half of the newborn babies weighed at least 3,000 grams.
“High-risk” age of pregnancy covers the age group 17 years old and younger (3.7% share), and 35 years old and over (16.0% share). This is because childbearing in these age groups is more likely to have complications during pregnancy and labor that may result to higher morbidity and mortality to both mother and child.
About 9.8 percent of the births in 2021 were to mothers aged 15-19 years. Moreover, the adolescent birth rate, or the number of births to women ages 15-19 per 1,000 women in that age group, was 26 per 1,000 women in 2021.
National Statistician and Civil Registrar General