Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles, repair of personal and household goods accounted for most of the establishments
The 2002 Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI) for Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles, Motorcycles and Personal and Household Goods Sector covered a total of 365,912 establishments. Of the total, 361,130 establishments (98.7%) had an average total employment (ATE) of less than 20 and only 4,782 (1.3%) were large establishments with ATE of 20 and over.
Retail trade, except motor vehicles and motorcycles, repair of personal and household goods (PSIC G52) dominated the industry comprising 290,298 or about four-fifths of the total establishments in the sector. This was followed by sale, maintenance and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, retail of automotive fuel (PSIC G50), which accounted for 40,704 (11.1%). On the other hand, wholesale and commission trade (PSIC G51) recorded the least with 34,910 establishments (9.5%).
Most trade establishments with employment of more than 20 were located in the National Capital Region
Regional distribution of wholesale and retail trade establishments with ATE 20 and over showed that these establishments were highly concentrated in the National Capital Region (NCR) where 2,310 establishments or 48.3 percent were located. Figure 2 shows the Distribution of Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles and Personal and Household Goods Establishments with Average Total Employment 20 and Over by Region.
Retail trade establishments top employer of the sector in 2001
The sector?s total employed persons for 2001 reached to 1,722,473 workers. Of the total workforce, 1,227,473 (69.2%) were paid employees and the remaining 545,004 (30.8%) were working owners and unpaid workers.
Establishments engaged in retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles, repair of personal and household goods (PSIC G52) remained the top employer accounting for 1,327,993 workers or three-fourths of the total employment in 2001.
Wholesale and commission trade (PSIC G51) remained the leading industry in terms of average employment per establishment with 7 employees. The sector posted an average of 5 workers per establishment.
Wholesale and commission trade employees received the highest average monthly compensation of P 8,757.
Compensation paid to employees by the sector amounted to P76.36 billion or equivalent to an average of annual remuneration of P62,215.
The highest average monthly compensation of P8,757 was received by employees of the wholesale and commission trade (PSIC G51). This also surpassed the sector's average monthly compensation of P5,185. Lowest earners were workers engaged in retail trade (PSIC G52) with P4,375.
Revenue per peso cost was valued at P1.18
Total revenue earned by the wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods sector in 2001 amounted to P1,438.02 billion. More than half (56.1%) or P805.99 billion of the income was generated by retail trade and repair services (PSIC G52).
Operational costs for all establishments in 2001 totaled to P1,220.66 billion. Top industry with highest expenditure was retail trade and repair services which amounted to P676.11 billion. Industries, which contributed the biggest income, likewise registered the highest share in expenditure.
Revenue per peso cost of the wholesale and retail trade; repair services sector in 2001 was P1.18. Retail trade and repair services (PSIC G52) contributed the biggest share in terms of revenue and costs with P806.0 billion and P676.1 billion, respectively.
Revenue per worker, a measure of labor productivity registered at P0.811 million for the sector. Wholesale and commission trade (PSIC G51) exhibited the highest labor productivity at P1.54 million. This was followed by sale, maintenance and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, retail sale of automotive fuel (PSIC G50) with P1.26 On the other hand, retail Trade (PSIC G52) registered the lowest at P0.61 million. (See Table R1).
Total Gross Margin amounted to over P359 billion
In 2001, total gross margin for the sector reached to P359 billion. Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles, repair of personal and household goods (PSIC G52) was the top grosser with P228.89 billion, followed by wholesale and retail trade commission (PSIC G51) with P95.07 billion. Sale, maintenance and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, retail sale of automotive fuel (PSIC G50) made up only of P35.47 billion
Scope and Coverage
The 2002 Annual Survey of Philippine Business and Industry (ASPBI) formerly known as Annual Survey of Establishments (ASE) was conducted to collect information on the structure and trends of economic activities in the entire country for the year 2001. Covered were establishments engaged in economic activities as defined under the 1994 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC).
These establishments were classified into 14 sectors one of which is on Wholesale and retail trade sector; repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods (Sector G), which covered all establishments, except sari-sari stores with no regularly paid employee and open stalls in public market. The sector is composed of establishments engaged in three industry division namely, sale, maintenance and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, retail sale of automotive fuel (G50); wholesale trade and commission trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles (G51); and retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles, repair of personal and household goods (G52).
All wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods establishments nationwide with average total employment (ATE) of 200 and over were covered on a 100 percent basis and those with ATE of less than 200 were selected using simple random sampling.
A total of 1,284 or 86.5% responded out of the 1,484 samples drawn for the sector. Adjustments for non-response were made through imputations.
Concepts and Definition of Terms
Establishment - an economic unit, which engages under a single ownership or control, i.e. under a single legal entity, in one, or predominantly one kind of economic activity at a single fixed location.
Economic activity or business - is the activity of the establishment as classified under the1994 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC). The main activity refers to the activity that contributes the biggest or major portion of the gross income or revenue of the establishment.
Wholesale Trade and Commission Trade Establishment - a store, shop, office, bazaar, arcade or emporium engaged in the resale of new and used goods to retailers, industrial/commercial/institutional/professional users, or to other wholesalers and trading in behalf and on the account of others.
Retail Trade Establishment - a store, shop, mart, bazaar, sari-sari store, pharmacy, supermarket, grocery, arcade or emporium engaged in the resale of new and used goods to the general public.
Repair Service Establishment - a shop specializing in the repair of consumer goods like footwear, luggage, handbags and gloves and other leather goods, electrical appliances, and equipment as television and radio receivers, refrigerators, washing machines, ironers, vacuum cleaners, toasters, motor vehicles including motorcycles; watch, clock and jewelry; bicycles; typewriters, cameras, binoculars, musical instruments, umbrellas, etc.
Total Employment - is the number of persons who worked in or for the establishment as of November 15, 2001.
Paid employees - are all persons working in the establishments receiving pay as well as those working away from the establishment when paid by and under the control of the establishment. Included are persons working as full-time or part-time and those employees on sick leave, paid vacation or holiday. Excluded are consultants, home workers and workers receiving commission only.
Unpaid workers - include working owners who do not receive regular pay, apprentices and learners without regular pay, and persons working without regular pay for at least one third of the working time normal to the establishment.
Salaries and wages - are payments in cash or in kind, prior to deduction for employee's contribution to SSS/GSIS, withholding tax, etc. Included are total basic pay, vacation, sick, maternity leave pay, overtime pay, and other benefits.
Revenue - refers to cash received and receivables for goods sold and services rendered.
Cost - refers to all expenses excluding compensation incurred during the year whether paid or payable. Valuation should be at market price including taxes and other charges, net of discounts, rebates, returns and allowances. Goods received from and services rendered by other establishment of the same enterprise are valued as though purchased.
Gross Margin - is the difference between the values of goods sold on own account (including commission received on sale on account of others) during the inquiry period and the gross cost of these goods. The gross cost of goods is the value of purchased of goods intended for sale adjusted for stock change of these goods during the inquiry period.
Gross additions to fixed assets - refer to the cost of acquisition of fixed assets acquired in 2001 less the value of sales of fixed assets during the year.
Fixed assets - are physical assets expected to have productive life of more than one year and intended for use and/or being used by the establishment. Included are land, buildings, fixtures, machinery, tool, furniture, office equipment, vehicles, and the like.
Capital expenditures - refer to the cost of acquisition of fixed assets acquired in 2001 whether or not full payments have been made.
Change in Inventories - as a derived indicator, is computed as the value of ending inventory less the value of beginning inventory.
Subsidies - are special grants in the form of financial assistance or tax exemption or tax privilege given by the government to develop an industry or production and to protect it against competition.
Inventories - refer to stocks of goods owned by or under the control of the establishment as of a fixed date, regardless of where the stocks are located. Valuation should be at current replacement cost in purchaser's price at the indicated dates. Replacement cost is the cost of an item in terms of its present price rather than its original price.
Value Added - sum of total revenue and fixed assets produced on own account less total costs plus depreciation, interest expense and indirect taxes.
Source: National Statistics Office