Friday, June 21, 2013
Population of Davao Oriental increased at the rate of 1.50 percent annually
Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), the province of Davao Oriental posted a total population of 517,618 persons as of May 1, 2010. This is larger by 71,427 persons compared to its total population of 446,191 persons counted in the 2000 CPH. The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 1.50 percent. This is higher than the 1.23 percent annual PGR of the province between the census years 1990 and 2000.
If the average annual PGR recorded at 1.50 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of Davao Oriental would double in 47 years.
Fifty years ago, the population of Davao Oriental was only 132,593 persons. This population size is more than one fourth of the population in the 2010 CPH.
City of Mati was the most populous area
Among the lone city and 10 municipalities comprising the province of Davao Oriental, the City of Mati, the provincial capital, was the most populous with a population size making up 24.4 percent of the total provincial population. The municipality of Lupon was second with 11.9 percent share, followed by the municipalities of Baganga with 10.3 percent, and Governor Generoso with 9.7 percent. The rest of municipalities contributed less than 9.0 percent each.
The least populated area was the municipality of Boston with 2.4 percent share to the total population of the province. It was also the least populated area in 2000.
Sex ratio increased at 108 males per 100 females
Of the 516,475 household population in 2010, males accounted for 51.9 percent while females comprised 48.1 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 108 males for every 100 females, higher than the sex ratio of recorded in 2000 (106 males per 100 females).
Median age increased to 21.9 years
In 2010, the median age of the population of the province was 21.9 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 21.9 years. This is higher than the median age of 19.7 years that was recorded in 2000.
Moreover, in the province of Davao Oriental, 35.9 percent were under 15 years old. Children aged 10 to 14 years (12.1 percent) comprised the largest age group, followed by those in the age groups 0 to 4 years and 5 to 9 years (11.9 percent each). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 64 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the older age groups (65 years and over).
More than half of the population were of voting age
The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 57.4 percent of the household population of the province in 2010, up from 53.3 percent in 2000. There were more males (52.3 percent) than females (47.7 percent) among the voting-age population.
Dependency ratio decreased to 68 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 35.9 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 4.5 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 59.6 percent.
The overall dependency ratio was 68, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 68 dependents (60 young dependents and eight old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 77 dependents per 100 working-age population (71 young dependents and six old dependents).
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over, 45.6 percent were married while 43.4 percent were never married. The rest of the population were categorized as follows: in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (6.0 percent), widowed (4.1 percent), and divorced/separated (0.8 percent).
Among the never married persons, 57.2 percent were males while 42.8 percent were females. For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the household population aged five years and over, 50.3 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 28.6 percent had reached or finished high school, 5.8 percent were college undergraduates, and 4.4 percent were academic degree holders. Among those with an academic degree, the females (59.2 percent) outnumbered the males (40.8 percent). Similarly, more females (59.1 percent) than males (40.9 percent) had pursued post baccalaureate courses.
Persons with disability comprised 1.5 percent of the population in the province
In 2010, 7,900 persons or 1.5 percent of the 516,475 household population had a disability. The proportion of persons with disability (PWD) in 2000 was 1.3 percent of the 445,733 household population of the province during that year. The number of PWD for the same year was around 5,600.
Equal proportion of males and females with functional difficulty
Of the 454,760 household population five years and over, 2.9 percent (or 13,348 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating. The proportion of males with at least one type of functional disability is the same as that of females at 50.0 percent.
Moreover, of the total 13,348 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 70.4 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses. There were 21.8 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps; 19.6 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid; 14.8 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating; 11.0 percent had difficulty in communicating; and 9.3 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing).
Female overseas workers outnumbered their male counterparts
Of the 393,431 household population 10 years old and over in Davao Oriental, 0.9 percent (or 3,630 persons) were overseas workers. Female overseas workers outnumbered their male counterparts as they comprised 70.3 percent of all the overseas workers from this province. Overseas workers aged 25 to 29 years made up the largest age group, comprising 23.4 percent of the total overseas workers from this province in 2010, followed by the age groups 30 to 34 (21.2 percent), 35 to 39 years (14.9 percent), and 20 to 24 years (14.2 percent).
Average household size was 4.5 persons
The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 113,563, higher by 26,994 households compared with the 86,569 households posted in 2000. The average household size in 2010 was 4.5 persons, lower than the average household size of 5.1 persons in 2000.
There were 104 households per 100 occupied housing units
A total of 109,711 occupied housing units were recorded in the province of Davao Oriental in 2010. This translates to a ratio of 104 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.7 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, there were 102 households per 100 occupied housing units, and 5.3 persons per occupied housing unit.
Occupied housing units with outer walls made of light materials decreased
In 2010, 45.5 percent of occupied housing units in the province had outer walls made of bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa, down from 51.5 percent in 2000. The proportion of occupied housing units made of wood decreased from 29.9 percent in 2000 to 26.4 percent in 2010. On the other hand, those with walls made of concrete/brick/stone increased from 6.2 percent in 2000 to 14.2 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, half (50.8 percent) of the occupied housing units in 2010 had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum. This is higher than the proportion recorded in 2000 at 34.9 percent.
Majority of the households lived in lots that they owned or amortized
In 2010, of the total 113,563 households, more than half (51.9 percent) owned or amortized the lots that they occupied. The corresponding figure in 2000 was 48.6 percent.
Moreover, 36.1 percent of the households occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner, 7.7 percent rented the lots that they occupied while 1.6 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.
(Sgd) CARMELITA N. ERICTA